# Difference between inductive and deductive research - rectoria.unal.edu.co

### Difference between inductive and deductive research Video

What is the Difference Between Inductive \u0026 Deductive Reasoning - Business - Physics Methodology difference between inductive and deductive research.

### Difference between inductive and deductive research - hope, it's

In all disciplines, research plays a vital role, as it allows various academics to expand their theoretical knowledge of the discipline and also to verify the existing theories. Inductive and deductive approaches to research or else inductive and deductive research can be understood as a type of categorization. These two types are different from one another. Inductive research mainly focuses on building new theories, whereas deductive research focuses on verifying theories. This is the main difference between the two types of research. Through this article let us examine the differences between the two types of research, inductive and deductive research. What is Inductive Research?

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A statistical syllogism proceeds from a generalization about a group to a conclusion about an individual.

## What is Deductive Research?

Proportion Q of the known instances of population P has attribute A. Individual I is another member of P. Therefore, there is a probability corresponding to Q that I has A. Bob is a graduate of Excelsior Preparatory school. Therefore, Bob will go on to University. This is a cornrower syllogism. Arguably the argument is dirference strong and might be accused of "cheating".

After all, the probability is given in the premise. Typically, inductive reasoning seeks to formulate a probability. Two dicto simpliciter fallacies can occur in statistical syllogisms: " accident " and " converse accident ". Argument from analogy[ edit ] The process of analogical inference involves noting the shared properties of two or more things and from this basis inferring that they also share some further property: [13] P and Q are similar in respect to properties a, b, and c.

Object P has been observed to have further property x. Therefore, Q probably has property x also.

Analogical reasoning is very frequent in common sensesciencephilosophylawand the humanitiesbut sometimes it is accepted only as an auxiliary method. A refined approach is case-based reasoning. Mineral A is also a soft stone suitable for carving into jewelry.

Therefore, mineral B is probably a soft stone suitable for carving into jewelry. This is analogical induction, according to which things alike in certain ways are more prone to be alike in abd ways. This form of induction was explored in detail by philosopher John Stuart Mill in his System of Logic, where he states, http://rectoria.unal.edu.co/uploads/tx_felogin/benjamin-franklin-s-theory-of-life-and/what-is-normative-ethics.php can be no doubt that every resemblance [not known to be irrelevant] affords some degree of probability, beyond what would otherwise exist, in favor of the conclusion.

In the preceding example, if a premise were added stating that both stones were mentioned in the records of early Spanish explorers, this common attribute is extraneous to the stones and does not contribute to their probable affinity. A pitfall of analogy is that features can be cherry-picked : while objects may show striking similarities, two things juxtaposed may respectively possess other characteristics not identified in the analogy that are characteristics sharply dissimilar. Thus, analogy can mislead if not all relevant comparisons are made.

## What is Inductive Research?

Main article: Causal reasoning A causal inference draws a conclusion about betdeen causal connection based on the conditions of the occurrence of an effect. Premises about the correlation of two things can indicate a causal relationship between them, but additional factors must be confirmed to establish the exact form of the causal relationship. Methods[ edit ] The two principal methods used to reach inductive conclusions are enumerative induction and eliminative induction.]

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