Operant conditional theory - rectoria.unal.edu.co

Operant conditional theory Video

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Examples Operant conditioning, sometimes referred to as instrumental conditioning , is a method of learning that employs rewards and punishments for behavior. Through operant conditioning, an association is made between a behavior and a consequence whether negative or positive for that behavior. When they press the lever when a red light is on, they receive a mild electric shock. As a result, they learn to press the lever when the green light is on and avoid the red light. But operant conditioning is not just something that takes place in experimental settings while training lab animals. It also plays a powerful role in everyday learning. Operant conditional theory

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Main article: Law of effect Operant conditioning, sometimes called instrumental learning, was first extensively studied by Edward L. Thorndike — , who observed the behavior of cats trying to escape from home-made puzzle boxes. With repeated trials ineffective responses occurred less frequently and successful responses occurred more frequently, so the cats escaped more and more quickly. In short, some consequences strengthen behavior and some consequences weaken behavior. By plotting escape time against trial number Thorndike produced the first known animal learning curves through this procedure. That is, responses are retained when they lead to a successful outcome and discarded when they do not, or when they produce aversive effects.

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By following the scientific process, psychologists have made great strides in understanding how you learn. Classical conditioning paved the way for behaviorism. Operant conditioning, like classical conditioning, is another form of associative learning. Operant conditioning is a type of learning in which behavior isencouraged if followed by a reinforcer and decreased if followed by punishment. Both classical conditioning and operant conditioning occur every day, though you operant conditional theory http://rectoria.unal.edu.co/uploads/tx_felogin/puritan-writers-the-wonders-of-the-invisible/postmodern-feminism-summary.php not used to examining how you learn in these technical terms.

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Please choose if you would like to apply these learning theories to humans or animals. Be sure that your thread subject line identifies which topic you are posting about e. Explain how classical conditioning can explain how the fear or phobia developed. Give an example and explain your answer.

operant conditional theory

Include a description of how you would use either positive or negative reinforcement to increase the frequency of a desirable behavior. Also, include a description of how you would use punishment to decrease the frequency of an undesirable behavior. Animal Training Do you own a pet?

operant conditional theory

Classical Conditioning Post by Day 3 a response to the following: Explain how classical conditioning could explain an association your pet has learned. Describe your example and include a description of the neutral stimulus NSthe unconditioned stimulus UCSconditioned stimulus CSunconditioned response UCRand conditioned response CR in relation to your example. Respond by Day 5 in one or more of the following ways: Ask a probing question and provide insight into how you would answer your question and why. Ask a probing question and provide the foundation, or rationale, for the question. Agree with a colleague operant conditional theory offer additional new supporting information for consideration. Disagree with a colleague by respectfully discussing and supporting a different perspective. Refer operant conditional theory the Discussion Rubric, located in the Course Information area, for details on how 15th amendment discussion will be graded.]

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