Piaget theories of moral development - rectoria.unal.edu.co

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Developmental psychology as a field has informed many other subfields of psychology as well including educational psychology, child psychopathology, and forensic developmental psychology. Developmental psychology also encompasses other fundamental research fields in psychology including social psychology, cognitive psychology, ecological psychology, and comparative psychology. The study of development is not a new discipline. In fact, many of the central controversies about human development date back. Lev Vygotsky and Jean Piaget are two of the many theorists that benefit the teachers and parents to comprehend their children learning development. piaget theories of moral development

Morality from Latin : moralitaslit. Moral philosophy includes meta-ethicswhich studies abstract issues such as moral ontology and moral epistemologyand normative ethicswhich studies more concrete systems of moral decision-making such as deontological ethics and consequentialism.

A Comparison of Theorists

An example of normative ethical philosophy is the Golden Rulewhich states that: "One should treat others as one would like others to treat oneself. Immorality is the active opposition to morality i. Ethics also known as moral philosophy is the branch of philosophy which addresses questions of morality. The word "ethics" is "commonly used interchangeably with 'morality', and sometimes it is used more narrowly to mean the moral principles of a particular tradition, group, or individual. In its descriptive sense, "morality" refers to personal or cultural valuescodes of conduct or social mores from a society that provides these codes of conduct in which it applies and is accepted by an individual. It piaget theories of moral development not connote objective claims of right or wrong, but only refers to that which is considered right or wrong. Descriptive ethics is the branch of philosophy which studies morality in this sense.

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In its normative sense, "morality" refers to whatever if anything is actually right or wrong, developmeny may be independent of the values or mores held by any particular peoples or cultures. Normative ethics is the branch of philosophy which studies morality in this sense. Philosophical theories on the nature and origins of morality that is, theories of meta-ethics are broadly divided into two classes:. Some forms of non-cognitivism and ethical subjectivismwhile considered anti-realist in the robust sense used here, are considered realist in the sense synonymous with moral universalism.

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For example, universal prescriptivism is a universalist form of non-cognitivism which claims that morality is derived from reasoning about implied imperatives, and divine command theory and click here observer theory are universalist forms of ethical subjectivism which claim that morality is derived from the edicts of a god or piaget theories of moral development hypothetical decrees of a perfectly rational being, respectively. Real life issues that need solutions do need both rationality and emotion to be sufficiently moral.

One uses rationality as a pathway to the ultimate decision, but the environment and emotions towards the environment at the moment must be a factor for motal result to be truly moral, as morality is subject to culture. Something can only be morally acceptable if the culture as a whole has accepted this to be true.]

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