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Islam and Politics: Crash Course World History 216 the rise of islam The rise of islam

Following the military coup in Egypt, the Muslim Brotherhood was subjected to the most severe campaign of repression in its history.

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The campaign, initiated by the regime of the now-President Abdel Fattah al-Sisi, aimed to completely dismantle the movement and remove any prospects of its return in the future. Generally, the campaign has been successful in suppressing the movement domestically. Muslim Brotherhood members ended up either in underground ride, imprisoned, or exiled weaving a narrative of victimhood reminiscent of the Arab odes to Palestine.

the rise of islam

Eight years later, what remains from one of the most central Islamist movements in the 20th century? It is hard, if not outright impossible, to overemphasize the importance of the Egyptian Muslim Brotherhood EMB in 20th-century history.

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The movement, founded in the s in Egypt, started a whole http://rectoria.unal.edu.co/uploads/tx_felogin/benjamin-franklin-s-theory-of-life-and/super-smash-bros-smashboards.php known as Islamism, a catchall term for various movements, groups, the rise of islam schools of thought that seek to create a modern Islamic political reality. The movement suffered various periods of severe repressive campaigns yet was always able to fall back on its strong organizational structure to carry it through. This indeed remains the definitive characteristic of the EMB, not its ideology, but check this out remarkable organization that is coveted by all political actors in the Middle East.

The organizational structure of the EMB endows it with significant advantages over its rivals. The organizational structure of the EMB endows it with significant advantages over all its opponents and rivals, and those advantages put it in an excellent condition to take advantage of the opening of electoral politics in Egypt following the Arab Spring and ouster of former President Hosni Mubarak in January This legacy of astonishing survival in the rise of islam of the most politically unforgiving regions in the world constitutes by itself another strong asset of the movement which made it into an inspirational idea for Islamists across the Middle East and the globe, and it is exactly that asset which the repressive campaign of President Sisi is targeting.

The Rise Of Islam, And Its Subsequent Diffusion Across Eurasia

What seems to be an over-emphasis on organizational institutionalism in a movement that immerses itself in Islamic symbolism is not at all an exaggeration. Since the beginning of the movement, the simplicity of its ideology in comparison with the complexity of its organization was link pointed out by its rivals, from the classical Islamic authorities of Al-Azhar, Egypt's seat of classical Islamic scholarship, to the neo-Islamist Salafists.

One could even say that the ideology of the Muslim Brotherhood goes only as far as the rise of islam slogan, "Islam is the solution. The Muslim Brotherhood is a universal power style that can be easily adopted by varied political actors. This the rise of islam the Muslim Brotherhood not an ideology, but a universal power style that can the rise of islam easily adopted by various political actors in various political contexts whether in Turkey, Gaza, Morocco or the US.

It is a style that Islamically conscious political aspirants can adopt while espousing Turkish neo-liberalism, Palestinian terrorism, or American identity politics. In Egypt, a Muslim Brotherhood president can promise to respect the peace treaty with Israel, and in Gaza, a Muslim Brotherhood-styled group can vow relentless terrorism. Externally, it can adopt democratic mechanisms, and internally it can maintain a rigid authoritarian structure and reject political pluralism. It can sharia monger, and in the same breath praise electoral democracy.

The Brotherhood's ideological malleability can easily be mistaken for realpolitik pragmatism. The Muslim Brotherhood could very well be the largest movement in history to be based entirely on symbols, a testament to the emotional power of Islam among its adherents.

But for Western observers, this malleability can easily link mistaken for the endless elasticity of realpolitik pragmatism instead of pro choice argumentative essay it really is, a devout commitment to hypocrisy and the absence of any principles except for the symbolic value of Islam, the quest for power, and the primacy of the organization.

Belief Systems: Islam and Buddhism

Even for the shrewdest politicians, the flexibility of holding contradictions is not limitless and the rise of islam the most skilled juggler has a maximum capacity. In Egypt, the ideological malleability, among other things, allowed the Brotherhood to maintain such an extensive network of members and supporters without ever risking internal schisms, and it is also what allows the brand of the Muslim Brotherhood to continue reading behind a very broad range of behaviors and ideas from political violence, terrorism, to sensible moderation and Islamic romanticism.

The Egyptian movement resulting from such a unique composition was a hierarchical organization in which brand loyalty is paramount and ideology is what-ever-works. Sinceafter the ouster of former President Mohamed Morsi, the Egyptian regime sought to destroy the movement by attacking all constitutive elements: decapitating the hierarchical organization by imprisoning its leadership, criminalizing the brand, and making nothing work. The result of such a simply pauls case pdf does was a moment of chaos and dispersal which saw the severe tensions and disagreements inside the movement about the best way to deal with the circumstances.

But this moment has already subsided, and the EMB has settled in its new reality, a domestic movement from which we have no clear data but whose activity primarily evolves around supporting the families of those who are in prison, especially now that carrying on previous charitable and social work is impossible. It also has an external the rise of islam based in Istanbul, Doha, and London which seeks to maintain the movement's relevance and survival, to which a narrative of victimhood plays a vital role. The current situation puts the EMB in a tough position. If the movement needs to become inward-looking, take care of its members, build up morale, and maintain cohesion, it cannot at the same time undertake the necessary revision needed for it to maintain relevance to Egyptian and regional politics.

the rise of islam

Within and without the Brothers, such click seem to cast shadows of doubt on the future relevance of the EMB. Throughout its history, Islamic politics, including the Brotherhood's, failed to articulate any political theory, theory of the state, institutional theory, or expound its understanding of democracy with other than the deployment of slogans and Islamic symbols.]

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