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The History of Civilization for Kids: How Civilization Began - FreeSchool 6 characteristics of civilization.

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These include: 1 large population centers; 2 monumental architecture and unique art styles; 3 shared communication strategies; 4 systems for administering territories; 5 a complex division of labor; and 6 the division of people into social and economic classes. A civilization is a complex culture in which large numbers of human beings share a number of common elements. Historians have identified the basic characteristics of civilizations. Six of the most important characteristics are: cities, government, religion, social structure, writing and art. Sumer, located in Mesopotamia, is the first known complex civilization, developing the first city-states in the 4th millennium BCE. It was in these cities that the earliest known form of writing, cuneiform script, appeared around BCE. Cuneiform writing began as a system of pictographs. 6 characteristics of civilization

The story may involve attempts to prevent an apocalypse event, deal with the impact and consequences of the 6 characteristics of civilization itself, or it may be post-apocalyptic, set after the event. The time may be directly after the catastrophe, focusing on chharacteristics psychology of survivors, the way to keep the human race alive and together as one, or considerably later, often including that the existence of pre-catastrophe civilization has been mythologized.

Post-apocalyptic stories often take place in a non-technological future world or a world where only scattered elements of society and technology remain.

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Various ancient societies, including the Babylonian and Judaic, produced apocalyptic literature and mythology which dealt with the end of the world and of human society, such as the Epic of Gilgamesh 6 characteristics of civilization, written c. Recognizable modern apocalyptic novels had existed since at least the first third of the 19th century, when Read more Shelley 's The Last Man was published.

The apocalypse event may be climatic, such as runaway climate change ; natural, such as an impact event ; man-made, such as nuclear holocaust ; medical, such as a plague or virus, civilizatiob natural or man-made; or imaginative, such as zombie apocalypse or alien invasion. The story may involve attempts to prevent an apocalypse event, deal with the impact and consequences of the event itself, or may be post-apocalyptic, and be set after the event. The time frame may be immediately after the catastrophe, focusing on the travails or psychology of survivors, the way to maintain the human race alive and together as one, or considerably later, often including the theme that the existence of 6 characteristics of civilization civilization has been forgotten civilizatjon mythologized.

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Post-apocalyptic stories often take place in a non-technological future world, or a world where only scattered elements of society and technology remain. Other themes may be cybernetic revoltdivine judgmentdysgenicsecological collapsepandemicresource depletionsupernatural phenomenatechnological singularityor some other general disaster.

The scriptural story of Noah and his ark describes the end of the corrupted original civilization and its replacement with a remade world. Noah is assigned the task to build the ark and save the lifeforms so as to reestablish a new post-flood world. The Biblical story civiilization the destruction of Sodom 6 characteristics of civilization Gomorrah also has post-apocalyptic elements.

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The daughters of Lotwho mistakenly believe that the destruction had engulfed the whole world and that they and their father were the only surviving human beings, conclude that in such a situation it would be 6 characteristics of civilization - and indeed vitally needed - to have sex with their father in order to ensure the survival of humanity. Such situations and dilemmas occur in modern post-apocalyptic fiction. Numerous other societies, including the Babylonians, had produced apocalyptic literature and mythology which dealt with the end of the world and of human society, many of which also included stories that refer back to the Biblical Noah or describe a similar flood.

A similar story to the Genesis flood narrative is found in the 71st Chapter of the Quran.

6 characteristics of civilization

Even in the Hindu Dharmasastra, the apocalyptic deluge plays a prominent part. According to the Matsya Puranathe Matsya avatar of Lord Vishnuinformed the King Manu of an all-destructive deluge which would be coming very soon.

6 characteristics of civilization

At the time of the delugeVishnu appeared as a horned fish and Shesha appeared as a rope, with which Vaivasvata Manu fastened the boat to the horn of the fish. The 1st centuries AD saw the recording of the Book of Revelation from which the word apocalypse originated, meaning "revelation of secrets"which is filled with prophecies of destruction, as well as luminous visions.

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In the first chapter of Revelation, the writer St. John the Divine explains his divine errand: "Write the things which thou hast seen, the things which are, and the things which shall be hereafter" Rev. Revelation describes a new Heaven and a new Earth, and its intended Christian audience is often enchanted and inspired, rather than terrified by visions of Judgment Day. 6 characteristics of civilization works often feature the loss of a global perspective as protagonists are on their own, often with little or no knowledge of the outside world.

Such works depict worlds of less complexity, direct contact, [10] and primitive needs, threats and behavior. According go here Professor Barry Informative speech on drug abuse, it is often the concept of change as much as the concept of destruction that causes 6 characteristics of civilization interest in apocalyptic themes. Such fiction is studied by social sciences and may provide insights into 6 characteristics of civilization culture's fears [12] [11] [9] : 16,83 as well as things like the role imagined for public administration. Since the late 20th century, a surge of popular post-apocalyptic films can be observed. Lord Byron 's poem "Darkness"included in The Prisoner of Chillon collection, on the apocalyptic end of the world and one man's survival, was one of the earliest English-language works in this genre.

The sun was blotted out, leading to darkness and cold which kills off mankind through famine and ice-age conditions. The year was known as the Year Without a Summer because Mount Tambora had erupted in the Dutch East Indies in that emitted sulphur into the atmosphere which lowered the temperature and altered weather patterns throughout the world. This was the source for Byron's poem. Mary Shelley 's novel, The Last Manis a continuation of the apocalyptic theme in fiction. The story centers on a male protagonist as he struggles to keep his family safe but is inevitably left as the last man alive. However, Shelley's novel is predated by Jean-Baptiste Cousin de Grainville 's French epic prose poem Le Dernier Homme English: The Last Man and this work is also sometimes considered the first modern work to depict the end of the world. Unlike most apocalyptic tales, de Grainville's novel approaches the end of the world not as a cautionary tale, or a tale of survival, but as both an inevitable, as well as necessary, step for the spiritual resurrection of mankind.

Edgar Allan Poe 's short story " The Conversation of Eiros and Charmion " follows the conversation between two souls in the afterlife as they discuss the destruction of the world. The destruction was brought about by a comet that removed nitrogen from Earth's atmosphere; this left only oxygen and resulted in a worldwide inferno.]

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