Are humans good or evil -

Are humans good or evil - think, that

At a moment of crisis in his life no longer a friend of Richard Wagner, forced to leave academic life through ill health , he sets out his views in a scintillating and bewildering series of aphorisms which contain the seeds of his later philosophy e. Beyond Good and Evil is a scathing and powerful critique of philosophy, religion and science. Here Nietzsche presents us with problems and challenges that are as troubling as they are inspiring, while at the same time outlining the virtues, ideas, and practices which will characterise the philosophy of the future. are humans good or evil. Are humans good or evil

Youth[ are humans good or evil ] My whole religion is humahs do every duty, and expect no reward for it, either here or hereafter. Cambridge is one of the few places where one can talk unlimited nonsense and generalities without anyone pulling one up or confronting one with them when one says just the opposite the next day. Mathematics may be defined as the subject in which we never know what we are talking about, nor whether what we are saying is true.

I do wish I believed in the life eternal, for it makes me quite miserable to think man is merely a kind of machine endowed, unhappily for himself, with consciousness. Greek Exercises ; at the age of fifteen, Russell used to write down his reflections in this book, for fear that his people should find out what he was thinking.

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I should like to believe my people's religion, which was just what I could wish, but alas, it is impossible. I have really no religion, for my God, being a spirit shown merely by reason to exist, his properties utterly unknown, is no help to my life. I have not the parson's comfortable doctrine that every good action has its reward, and every sin source forgiven.

are humans good or evil

My whole religion is this: do every duty, and greek tragedy quotes no reward for it, either here or hereafter. Greek Exerciseswritten two days after his sixteenth birthday. Letter to Alys Pearsall Smith ; published in The Selected Letters of Bertrand Russell, Volume 1: The Private Years —edited by Nicholas Griffin Thee will find out in time that I have a great love of professing vile sentiments, I don't know why, unless it springs from long efforts to avoid priggery.

Letter to Alys Pearsall Smith Smith was a Quaker, thus the archaic use of "Thee" in this and other letters to her. Thee might observe incidentally that if the state paid for child-bearing it might and ought to are humans good or evil a medical certificate that the parents were such as to give a reasonable result of a healthy child evkl this would afford a jumans good inducement to some sort of care for the race, and gradually as public opinion became educated by the law, it might react on goof law and make that more stringent, until one got to some state of things in which there would be a little genuine care for the race, instead of the present haphazard are humans good or evil ways.

It should be noted that in his talk of "the race", he is referring to "the human race". Smith married Russell in December ; they divorced in It is essential not to discuss whether the first proposition is really true, and not to mention what the anything is, of which it is supposed to be true.

Al-Imām Muhammad bin Abdul-Wahhāb (rahimahullah) said:

Both these points would belong to applied mathematics. We start, in pure mathematics, from certain rules of inference, by which we can infer that if one proposition is true, then so is some other proposition. These rules of inference constitute the major part of are humans good or evil principles of formal logic.

We then take any hypothesis that seems amusing, and deduce its consequences. If our hypothesis is about anything, and not about some one or more particular things, then our deductions constitute mathematics. Thus mathematics may be defined as the subject in which we never know what we are talking about, nor whether what we are saying is true.

are humans good or evil

People who have been puzzled by the beginnings of mathematics will, I hope, find comfort in this definition, and will probably agree that it is accurate. I judge pleasure and pain to be of small importance compared to knowledgethe appreciation and contemplation of beauty, and a certain intrinsic excellence of mind which, apart from its practical effects, appears to me to deserve the name of virtue.

Now, however, the opposite seems to me self-evident. What first turned me away from utilitarianism was the check this out that I myself ought to pursue philosophy, although I had and have still no doubt that are humans good or evil doing economics and the theory of politics I could add more to human happiness.

It appeared to me that the dignity of which human existence is capable is not attainable by devotion to the mechanism of life, and that unless the contemplation of eternal things is preserved, mankind will become no better than well-fed pigs. But I do not believe that such contemplation on the whole tends to happiness.

are humans good or evil

It gives moments of delight, but these are outweighed by years of effort and depression. Letter contempt define: Gilbert Murray, April 3, It seems to me now that mathematics is capable of an artistic excellence as great as that of any music, perhaps greater; not because the pleasure it gives although very pure is comparable, either in intensity or are humans good or evil the number of people who feel it, to that of music, but because it gives in absolute perfection that combination, characteristic of great art, of godlike freedom, with the sense of inevitable destiny; because, in fact, it constructs an ideal world where everything is perfect and yet true.

Letter to Gilbert Murray, April 3, Again, in regard to actual human existence, I have found myself giving honour to those who feel its tragedy, who think truly about Death, who are oppressed by ignoble things even when they are inevitable; yet these qualities appear to me to militate against happiness, not only to the possessors, but to all whom are humans good or evil affect. And, generally, the best life seems to me one which thinks truly and feels greatly about human things, and which, in addition, contemplates the world of beauty and of abstract truths. This last is, perhaps, my most anti-utilitarian opinion: I hold all knowledge that is concerned with things that actually exist — all that is commonly called Science — to be of very slight value compared to the knowledge which, like philosophy and mathematics, is concerned with ideal and eternal objects, and is freed from this miserable world which God has made.]

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