Expectancy theory focuses on describing - rectoria.unal.edu.co

Expectancy theory focuses on describing expectancy theory focuses on describing

Operant Conditioning Theory

Who is experiencing inequity? According to equity theory, both John and Mary—underreward inequity for John, and overreward inequity for Mary. Expectanccy identified a number of things people do to reduce the tension produced by a perceived state of inequity. They change their own outcomes or inputs, or they change those of the referent other. They distort their own perceptions of the outcomes or inputs of either party by using a different referent other, or they leave the situation in which the inequity is occurring.

expectancy theory focuses on describing

Alter inputs of the person. The perceived state of equity can be altered by changing our own inputs, that is, by decreasing the quantity or quality of our performance. John can effect his own mini slowdown and install only nine lug nuts on each car as it comes down the production line.

Alter outcomes of the person. We could attempt to increase outcomes to achieve a state of equity, like ask for a raise, a nicer office, a promotion, kn other positively valued outcomes. So John will likely ask for a raise.

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Unfortunately, many people enhance their outcomes by stealing from their employers. Alter inputs of the referent other. When underrewarded, we may try to achieve a state of perceived equity by encouraging the referent other to increase their inputs.

expectancy theory focuses on describing

In our example, John could ask Mary to put on two of his ten lug nuts as each car comes down the assembly line. This would not likely happen, however, so John would be motivated to try another alternative to reduce his inequity.

expectancy theory focuses on describing

Alter outcomes of the referent other. This too would probably not occur in the situation described. Distort perceptions of inputs or outcomes. It is possible to reduce a perceived state of inequity without changing input or outcome.

Executive Summary

We simply distort our own perceptions of our inputs or outcomes, or we distort our perception of those of the referent other. For example, John might choose as a referent other Bill, who installs dashboards but makes less money than John. Leave the situation.]

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