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Explain the difference between psychological egoism and ethical egoism Video

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Explain the difference between psychological egoism and ethical egoism - consider

Johann Kaspar Schmidt 25 October — 26 June , known professionally as Max Stirner , was a German post-Hegelian philosopher, dealing mainly with the Hegelian notion of social alienation and self-consciousness. Stirner was born in Bayreuth , Bavaria. What little is known of his life is mostly due to the Scottish-born German writer John Henry Mackay , who wrote a biography of Stirner Max Stirner — sein Leben und sein Werk , published in German in enlarged , and translated into English in His father died of tuberculosis on 19 April at the age of When Stirner turned 20, he attended the University of Berlin , [15] where he studied philology , philosophy and theology. Explain the difference between psychological egoism and ethical egoism explain the difference between psychological egoism and ethical egoism

The main difference between psychological egoism and ethical egoism is that psychological egoism emphasizes the fact that people act primarily out of self-interest while ethical egoism emphasizes the fact that people should act for their self-interest.

What is Psychological Egoism

At initial thought, egoism refers to prideselfishness and having high self-worth. However, with regard to psychological egoism and ethical egoism, these definitions take on different facets. Hence, it explains the reason for most http://rectoria.unal.edu.co/uploads/tx_felogin/puritan-writers-the-wonders-of-the-invisible/martin-luther-king-letter-from-birmingham-jail-rhetorical-analysis.php behaviour. Thus, psychological egoism does not explain the morality of these actions, i. It merely observes that actions of everyone are influenced by selfishness or self-interest.

Psychological egoism is identified as a descriptive theory; it is based on observations and following conclusions.

What is Ethical Egoism

Two pioneering philosophers who endorsed this theory are Thomas Hobbes and Friedrich Nietzsche. Figure 1: Friedrich Nietzsche.

explain the difference between psychological egoism and ethical egoism

Similarly, it does not claim how one should act but describes why one acts. Thereby, it recommends how people should behave ethically, seeking only self-interest. Ethical egoism proposes that only those actions having consequences benefitting the person should be considered as ethical. Hence, ethical egoism rejects altruism.

explain the difference between psychological egoism and ethical egoism

Moreover, it is a normative or a prescriptive theory. Unlike psychological egoism, ethical egoism does not observe the universal motive of human actions as self-interest; therefore, it only recommends self-interest to be the ultimate motive for human actions. Such actions are differrence as ethical, worthy and good under link egoism.

explain the difference between psychological egoism and ethical egoism

Hence, an egoist always practices ethical egoism. Some philosophers who brought forward the theory of ethical egoism are Henry Sidgwick, and, Ayn Rand.

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Thus, this is the main difference between psychological egoism and ethical egoism. Moreover, psychological egoism is a descriptive theory whereas ethical egoism is a egoissm or prescriptive theory. On the other hand, ethical egoism prescribes selfishness or self-interest to be the ultimate motivation for individual actions.

Hence, this is another difference between psychological egoism and ethical egoism.]

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