Can: How did the persian war affect greece
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How did the persian war affect greece VideoHistory of Ancient Greece: Greco-Persian Wars - Complete Documentary (Parts 1-4) how did the persian war affect greece
At the heart of the rebellion was the dissatisfaction of the Greek cities of Asia Minor with the tyrants appointed by Persia to rule them, [ citation needed ] along with the individual actions of two Milesian tyrants, Histiaeus and Aristagoras.
The cities of Ionia had been conquered by Persia around BC, and thereafter were ruled by native tyrants, nominated by the Persian satrap in Sardis. In BC, the tyrant of Miletus, Aristagoras, launched a joint expedition with the Persian satrap Artaphernes to conquer Naxosin an attempt to bolster his position.
The mission was a debacle, and sensing his imminent removal as tyrant, Aristagoras chose to incite the whole of Ionia into rebellion against the Persian king Darius the Great. However, on their return journey to Ionia, they were followed by Persian troops, and decisively beaten at the Battle of Ephesus.
This campaign was the only offensive action by the Perslan, who subsequently went on the defensive. The Persians responded in BC with a three pronged attack aimed at recapturing the outlying areas of the rebellion, but the spread of the revolt to Caria meant that the largest army, under Daurises, relocated there.
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While initially campaigning successfully in Caria, this army was annihilated in an ambush at the Battle of Pedasus. This resulted in a stalemate for the rest of BC and Source. By BC the Persian army and navy had regrouped, and they made straight for the epicentre of the rebellion at Miletus.
The Ionian fleet sought to defend Miletus by sea, but was decisively beaten at the Battle of Ladeafter the defection of the Samians. Miletus was then besieged, captured, and its population was brought under Persian rule. This double defeat effectively ended te revolt, and click Carians surrendered to the Persians as a result.
The Persians spent BC reducing the cities along the west coast that still held out against them, before finally imposing a peace settlement on Ionia which was generally considered to be both just and fair. The Ionian Revolt constituted the first major conflict between Greece and the Persian Empireand as such represents the first phase of the Greco-Persian Wars.]