India form of government -

india form of government

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It is the second-most populous country, the seventh-largest country by land area, governmnet the most populous democracy in the world. Bounded by the Indian Ocean on the south, the Arabian Sea on the southwest, and the Bay of Bengal on the southeast, it shares land borders with Pakistan to the west; [f] ChinaNepaland Bhutan to the north; and Bangladesh and Myanmar to the east. Modern humans arrived on the Indian subcontinent from Africa no later than 55, years ago. In the india form of government medieval era, ChristianityIslamJudaismand Zoroastrianism put down roots on India's southern and western coasts. The rights promised to Indians were granted slowly, [45] but technological changes were introduced, and ideas of education, modernity and the public life took root. India has been a federal republic sincegoverned in a democratic parliamentary system.

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It is a pluralisticmultilingual and multi-ethnic society. India's population grew from million in goverjment 1. From being a comparatively destitute country in[51] India has become a fast-growing major economy and a hub for information technology serviceswith an expanding middle class. Indian movies, music, and spiritual teachings play an increasing role india form of government global culture. It has disputes over Kashmir with its neighbours, Pakistan and China, unresolved since the midth century. A modern rendering of the historical name Bharatavarshawhich applied originally to a region of the Gangetic Valley[66] [67] Bharat gained increased currency from the midth century as a native name for India.

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Its meaning has varied, referring to a region encompassing present-day northern India and Pakistan or to India in its near entirety. By 55, years ago, the first modern humans, or Homo sapienshad arrived on Indian subcontinent from Africa, where they had ofrm evolved.

During the period — BCE, many regions of the subcontinent transitioned from the Chalcolithic cultures to the Iron Age ones. In the late Vedic period, around the 6th century BCE, india form of government small states and chiefdoms of the Ganges Plain and the north-western regions had consolidated into 16 major oligarchies and monarchies that were known as the mahajanapadas.

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Hamlet at pond came into prominence during the life of its exemplar, Mahavira. Politically, by the 3rd century BCE, the kingdom of Magadha had annexed or reduced other states to emerge as the Mauryan Empire. The Indian early medieval age, CE to CE, is defined by regional kingdoms and cultural diversity.

In the 6th and 7th centuries, the first devotional hymns were created in the Tamil language. After the 10th century, Muslim Central Asian nomadic clans, using india form of government cavalry and raising vast armies united by ethnicity and religion, repeatedly overran South Asia's north-western plains, leading eventually to the establishment of the Islamic Delhi Sultanate in Although at first disruptive for the Indian elites, the sultanate largely left its vast non-Muslim subject population to its own laws and customs.

In the early 16th century, northern India, then under mainly Muslim rulers, [] fell again to the superior mobility and firepower of a new generation of Central Asian warriors.

india form of government

Instead, it balanced and pacified them through new administrative practices [] [] and diverse and inclusive ruling elites, [] leading to more systematic, centralised, and uniform rule. By the early 18th century, with governmet lines between commercial and political dominance being increasingly blurred, a number of European trading companies, including the English East India Companyhad established coastal outposts.

india form of government

Many historians consider this to be the onset of India's colonial period. Historians consider India's modern age to have begun sometime between and ]

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