Melting pot vs multiculturalism - rectoria.unal.edu.co

Melting pot vs multiculturalism melting pot vs multiculturalism

Abstract It has been suggested that the dynamics of acculturation affect the lives of both immigrants and members here the host societies where immigrants live Berry, ; Whether or not a pluralistic-multicultural policy exists and is accepted by members of the established and emerging communities will affect the strategies of acculturation that are used by immigrant groups and individuals.

This paper examines the attitudes of young Canadians and immigrants to Canada regarding the nature of Canadian identity and their sense of ethnicity. Along with an assessment of their strategies of acculturation and self-reports of the meaning of being Canadian and ethnic are examined. Introduction Common sense suggests, and developmental psychology confirms, multiculturalusm by the time persons grow to adulthood, their sense of who they are--or psychosocial identity--is already formed. Adults immigrants, who are often selected on the basis of their educational qualifications and occupational skills, would not only have a well developed occupational identity, but also a personal and multicculturalism one by the time they set their feet on Canadian soil. If, as a nation, we had accepted a melting pot melting pot vs multiculturalism, we would have liked immigrants to trade most aspects of their cultural and social identity for Canadian content--save perhaps their occupational identities.

Indeed, we would prefer to have them bolster rather than shed their occupational identities, join our labour force, and contribute to our common wealth. However, having adopted a multicultural policy, Canada does not ask each immigrant to melting pot vs multiculturalism all old ways for new.

melting pot vs multiculturalism

We would rather have all newcomers selectively retain some melting pot vs multiculturalism aspects of their ancestral legacy so as to enrich the cultural fabric of our society. It is but natural that the first generation of immigrants must first adapt to the multicuturalism weather, food, language and accent, work place and technology, and a myriad of other aspects of individual and social life.

Once "settled" in some social niche more or less securely, the first generation is ready to turn to the "finer" aspects of the ancestral culture: literature and specialised knowledge, fine or performing arts, religious and spiritual values, and so on.

It is in cherishing such aspects of ancestral cultural legacy that immigrants retain what we often call an "ethnic" identity. In many instances, individuals make strong commitments and great sacrifices to the preservation, learning, and propagation of some favourite art, science, religion, or spiritual pursuit typical of their ancestral culture. While various aspects of ancestral culture are collectively shared in ethnic communities, individuals within each community tend to vary widely more info terms of which specific aspects of ancestral multiuclturalism Canadian culture are combined to forge unique personal identities.

In this paper, we intend to present some data melting pot vs multiculturalism show how individuals combine specific meanings, values, and other elements of meltign and melting pot vs multiculturalism cultures to locate themselves in the multicultural mosaic of Canada. Since it is impossible to consider each individual in terms of his or her unique sense of identity, we will offer a broad typology in terms of relative preferences for ethnic versus national identity elements.

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Since acculturation is an ongoing process that continues meltlng life cycles and also across generations, it is necessary and useful to distinguish between some common differences between the more recent and older immigrants, and between those of first and second generation. The members of the first generation are meltung involved in building institutional structures to protect and preserve their cultural identities: churches or temples, art organisations, schools, clubs, and so on. Multiculturalism will not go very far unless the finer aspects of their ancestral cultures, often preserved at a great cost of sweat and toil by the first generation, are passed on to the next.

Canada would hardly have melting pot vs multiculturalism a technically advanced democratic society today unless the lessons of European Enlightenment and the French Revolution had not been passed to the successive generations by the early Melting pot vs multiculturalism settlers. In as much as the "founding nations" have preserved the traditions of British Common Law and the Napoleonic code, of Shakespeare and Montaigne, we now have entrenched values and institutions that define the identity of the Canadian "mainstream.

melting pot vs multiculturalism

On the other side, at home and through the "ethnic" institutions created by their forebears, members of the second generation get to develop an ethnic aspect of their identities. The dual cultural upbringing at home and outside helps develop hyphenated identities like Scottish-Canadian, Chinese-Canadian and so on.

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For Canadian born melting pot vs multiculturalism, developing hyphenated identities that mutliculturalism common national identity elements with ethnic elements is both an opportunity for enrichment, as well as a formidable challenge full of conflicts. Given that youth and early adulthood is a critical period for identity formation, our research is focused on differing ways in which youth make a choice between national and ethnic identity elements. In conceptualising a broad typology based on differing preferences for ancestral versus national identity, we follow the work of John Berry of Queens University. Berry's framework is based upon the multicultural ideology where individuals and groups are given the opportunity to chose among various elements of traditional and host cultures to form their own unique blends of identity and culture.

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Arising from answers to two fundamental questions, Berry's source of Acculturative Attitudes enables psychologists and social scientists to assess and understand the diversity of identities to melting pot vs multiculturalism various immigrant and Canadian born individuals ascribe.

First, he asks: "Is it considered to be of value to maintain cultural identity and characteristics? Berry's Scheme of Acculturative Attitude Styles Berry, Is it considered to be of value to maintain cultural identity and characteristics?]

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