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Social class and education essay 3 hours ago · b) Pope St. Leo IX and Henry IV. c) Pope St. Gregory VII and Henry IV. d) Pope St. Gregory VII and William the Conqueror. e) Pope Alexander II and the Patriarch of Constantinople. 4. The Investiture Controversy was about whether or not: a) Bishops should wear the symbol of office publicly. 2 hours ago · In , the fight over who gets to choose bishops was between Pope Gregory VII and King Henry the IV. TRUE. 1 day ago · Occurring throughout the middle ages, conflict between the Christian church and nations led by kings were high and tense, leading to the bitter feud between Pope Gregory VII and King Henry IV in the early 11th century. Coming into power at a very young age, King Henry moved to increase his power over clergy in the Holy Roman Empire.
Pope gregory vii and king henry iv 3 hours ago · b) Pope St. Leo IX and Henry IV. c) Pope St. Gregory VII and Henry IV. d) Pope St. Gregory VII and William the Conqueror. e) Pope Alexander II and the Patriarch of Constantinople. 4. The Investiture Controversy was about whether or not: a) Bishops should wear the symbol of office publicly. 1 day ago · Occurring throughout the middle ages, conflict between the Christian church and nations led by kings were high and tense, leading to the bitter feud between Pope Gregory VII and King Henry IV in the early 11th century. Coming into power at a very young age, King Henry moved to increase his power over clergy in the Holy Roman Empire. 3 days ago · In , on the death of Pope Alexander II, the humble Hildebrand succeeded him in the papal chair, under the title of Gregory VII. He was an unsparing opponent of the crime of simony; and his most powerful enemy was Henry IV., king of Germany, who headed a simoniacal schism, and in invaded Rome and besieged the Pontiff in the Castle of.
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Name Further information: Emperor, Translatio imperii, and Problem of two emperors Double-headed eagle with coats of click here of individual states, the symbol of the Holy Roman Empire painting from The Empire was considered by the Roman Catholic Church to be the only legal successor of the Roman Empire during the Middle Ages and the early modern period.

Since Charlemagne, the realm was merely referred to as the Roman Empire. The new title was adopted partly because the Empire had lost most of its territories in Italy and Burgundy the Kingdom of Arles to the south and west by the late 15th century, but also to emphasize the new importance of the German Imperial Estates in ruling the Empire due to the Imperial Reform.

pope gregory vii and king henry iv

History Carolingian period Main article: Carolingian Empire As Roman power in Gaul declined during the 5th century, local Germanic tribes assumed control. In the late 5th and early 6th centuries, the Merovingians, under Clovis I and his successors, kijg Frankish tribes and extended hegemony over others to gain control of northern Gaul and the middle Rhine river valley region.

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By the middle of the 8th century, however, the Merovingians had been reduced to figureheads, and the Carolingians, led by Charles Martel, had become the de facto rulers. The Carolingians would maintain a close alliance with the Papacy.

pope gregory vii and king henry iv

He eventually incorporated the territories of present-day France, Germany, northern Italy, the Low Countries and beyond, linking the Frankish kingdom with Papal lands. Although antagonism about the expense of Byzantine domination had long persisted within Italy, a political rupture was set in motion in earnest in by the iconoclasm of Emperor Leo III the Isaurian, in what Pope Gregory II saw as the latest in a series of imperial heresies. As the Latin Church, influenced by Gothic law forbidding female leadership and property ownership, only regarded a male Roman Emperor as the head of Christendom, Pope Leo III pope gregory vii and king henry iv a new candidate for the dignity, excluding consultation with the Patriarch of Constantinople. This can be seen as symbolic of the papacy turning away from pope gregory vii and king henry iv declining Byzantine Empire towards the new power of Carolingian Francia.

InIrene read article overthrown and exiled by Nikephoros I and henceforth there were two Roman Emperors.

After Charlemagne died inthe imperial crown passed to his son, Louis the Pious. By this point the territory of Charlemagne had been divided into several territories cf. After the death of Charles the Fat, those crowned emperor by the pope controlled only territories in Italy. The last such emperor was Berengar I of Italy, who died in After the Carolingian king Louis the Child died without issue inEast Francia did not turn to the Carolingian ruler of West Francia to take over the realm but instead elected one of the dukes, Conrad of Franconia, as Rex Francorum Orientalium.

pope gregory vii and king henry iv

After that, the king managed to control the appointment of dukes and often also employed bishops in administrative affairs. The kingdom had no permanent capital city. Kingship continued to be transferred by election, but Kings often ensured their own sons were elected during their lifetimes, enabling them to keep the crown for their families. This only changed after the end of the Salian dynasty in the 12th century.]

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