Positive effects of european colonization in africa - rectoria.unal.edu.co

Positive effects of european colonization in africa Video

What is the impact of Colonialism on Africa today? positive effects of european colonization in africa.

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The Scramble for Africa , also called the Partition of Africa , Conquest of Africa , or the Rape of Africa , [1] [2] was the invasion, occupation, division, and colonization of most of Africa by a handful of European powers during a short period known to historians as the New Imperialism between and The 10 percent of Africa that was under formal European control in increased to almost 90 percent by , with only Ethiopia Abyssinia and Liberia remaining independent. The Berlin Conference of , which regulated European colonization and trade in Africa, is usually referred to as the starting point of the Scramble for Africa. Partitioning Africa was effected largely without Europeans going to war. By , European powers had established small trading posts along the coast, but they seldom moved inland, preferring to stay near the sea. They primarily traded with peoples of the continent.

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THE BIBLE AND QURAN The Scramble for Africa, also called the Partition of Africa, Conquest of Africa, or the Rape of Africa, was the invasion, occupation, division, and colonization of most of Africa by a handful of European powers during a short period known to historians as the New Imperialism (between and ). The 10 percent of Africa that was under formal European control in increased to almost 3 days ago · History, , kenisonpaigebosma List of the positive effects of the First World War for Canada? 2 days ago · The effects of European imperialism were negative. The reason I say that the effects were negative are discussed in points as follows * The Europeans took away the best lands ofr Africs to settle and view the full answer.
National vs international law 19 hours ago · European Immigration (Italians, Jewish, Polish, Irish, Serbian, etc.) Topics will include history and waves of European immigration to the United States, the role of World Wars I and II, the Cold War, Iron Curtain, and Communism played in immigration policies and effects on . 2 days ago · The effects of European imperialism were negative. The reason I say that the effects were negative are discussed in points as follows * The Europeans took away the best lands ofr Africs to settle and view the full answer. 3 days ago · History, , kenisonpaigebosma List of the positive effects of the First World War for Canada?
Positive effects of european colonization in africa

Beginning in the 16th century, European powers such as Great Britain and Spain controlled and exploited far-flung territories by colonizing them. This rush to conquer and dominate land and resources uprooted and disrupted the lives of people throughout the world.

Although the colonial era largely ended with national liberation movements in the s, nearly four centuries of foreign control left their mark on many developing countries. Colonial powers introduced Western schools and healthcare, resources that often had a positive effect on the lives of the colonized people.

positive effects of european colonization in africa

Government schools typically focused on training for low-level civil service occupations. In many African colonies, missionaries shouldered much of the responsibility for educating the masses.

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Although fewer than half of the children in most colonies went to school, many of the leaders of national liberation movements who went on to lead post-colonial governments had been educated in colonial government and missionary schools. Where colonizers established medical centers, they succeeded in lowering infant mortality and promoted vaccination and disease prevention. While the colonizers did bring positive improvements and advancements, the inhabitants often lacked immunity to the pathogens the colonizers also brought from their home countries. Indigenous populations fell to plagues including smallpox, influenza and other viruses that hadn't existed within their county prior to colonization.

In many territories, colonizing powers created centralized governments where none existed before.

positive effects of european colonization in africa

The colonizers, however, created political borders that served their own needs rather than reflecting the historical territorial divisions of the people who lived there. Suddenly, many ethnic groups that had positive effects of european colonization in africa worked together were forced to do so.

At the same time, some groups found their traditional territory divided by a political border between two colonial countries, fracturing ties between extended family and kinsmen. As a result, colonialism created large, ethnically fragmented countries prone to civil wars both during and after the colonial era. Colonial powers conquered distant lands in part to exploit their natural resources, and exerted complete control of the extraction and export of cash crops and minerals -- often with little regard to helping the people native to the area.

In agriculture-based colonies, a plantation economy developed, such as the coffee plantations of India and modern-day Sri Lanka.

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Plantation owners exerted strict control over the native people they hired to work there, often in deplorable conditions. In Southeast Asia, colonialism did have the positive effect of European investment and construction of canals and irrigation systems. African territories also saw roads and other infrastructure as a result of colonialism. However, such progress came at the expense of harsh treatment by the colonizers. During the colonial era, many European colonizers, such as Great Britain, took a paternalistic view of the native culture. They saw themselves as acting in the best interests of these people, bringing them Christianity and civilization.

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This attitude destroyed traditional beliefs and social values, however, and had a negative effect on colonized populations. Some euorpean attempted to curry favor with the colonizers by converting to Christianity and renouncing their traditional beliefs. Converts often acquired special military positions or privileged tasks in colonial government administration. For example, the French preferred to employ Vietnamese clerks and government administrators in Cambodia and Laos.

positive effects of european colonization in africa

Over time, colonizers often came to prefer certain ethnic groups in a colony over others, reinforcing or even exacerbating ancient ethnic tensions.]

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