Hawke was born in Border TownSouth Australia. He attended the University of Western Australia and went on to study at University College, Oxford as a Rhodes Scholarduring which time he set a world record for downing a yard of ale in 11 seconds.
Having risen to become responsible for national wage case arbitration, he was elected robert e lees early life President of the ACTU inwhere he achieved a high public profile. He was also President of the Labor Party from to Three years later, he was elected unopposed to replace Bill Hayden as Labor Leader, and within just five weeks led Labor to a landslide victory at the election and was sworn in as Prime Minister. He led Labor to victory three more times, inandmaking him the most electorally successful Labor Prime Minister in history. The Hawke Government created Landcarereinstated Gough Whitlam's universal health scheme Medibank renamed as Medicarebrokered the Prices and Incomes Accordestablished APECfloated girl interrupted movie online Australian dollar, deregulated the financial sector, introduced the Family Assistance Schemeenacted the Sex Discrimination Act to prevent discrimination in the workplace, declared " Advance Australia Fair " as the country's national anthem, initiated superannuation pension schemes for all workers and oversaw passage of the Australia Act that removed all remaining jurisdiction by the United Kingdom from Australia.
In JuneTreasurer Paul Keating unsuccessfully challenged for the leadership, believing that Hawke had reneged on the Kirribilli Agreement.
Keating mounted a second challenge six months later, this time narrowly succeeding. Hawke subsequently retired from Parliament, pursuing both a business see more and a number of charitable causes, until his death inaged He is also the only Prime Minister to be born in South Australia and the only one raised and educated in Western Australia. Hawke's brother Neil, who was seven years his senior, died at the age of seventeen after contracting meningitisfor which there was no cure at the time. At the age of seventeen, the same age robert e lees early life his brother Neil had died, Hawke had a serious accident erly riding his Panther motorcycle that left him in a critical condition for several days. This near-death experience acted as his catalyst, driving him to make the most of his talents and not let his abilities go to waste.
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He was also president of the university's guild during the same year. He wrote his thesis on wage-fixing in Australia and successfully presented it in January InHawke accepted a scholarship to undertake doctoral studies in the area of arbitration law in the law department at the Australian National University in Canberra.
Brown, who for a number of years had assisted the ACTU in national wage cases. Hawke decided to abandon his doctoral studies and accept the offer, moving to Melbourne with his wife Hazel.]