The success of the program to eradicate smallpox - rectoria.unal.edu.co

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the success of the program to eradicate smallpox The success of the program to eradicate smallpox

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The smallpox vaccine does not contain smallpox variola virus. It contains vaccinia and protects against orthopox diseases, such as smallpox variolacowpox, monkeypox, mousepox, and rabbitpox.

the success of the program to eradicate smallpox

Dryvax, which was formerly the only smallpox vaccine available in the United States, has been replaced by ACAM, a "second-generation" vaccine derived successs a clone of Dryvax, purified, and produced using modern cell culture technology. The SNS is a national repository of life-saving pharmaceuticals and medical material maintained by the CDC; it includes a post-event smallpox vaccine inventory. More modest supplies of the vaccine, reserved for pre-event vaccination efforts, are maintained by state and local health agencies, as recommended by the CDC.

The SNS program works with government and nongovernment partners to upgrade the nation's public health capacity to respond to a national emergency.

the success of the program to eradicate smallpox

Critical to the success of this initiative is ensuring that capacity is developed at the federal, state, and local levels to receive, stage, and dispense SNS assets [6]. All medical personnel should think through their volunteer participation in a pre-event vaccination program.

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The primary benefit from choosing to receive the vaccine would be the protection of the nation. Personal benefit would likely be realized only in the event of exposure to smallpox; therefore, each healthcare professional should weigh the likelihood of personal exposure. Personnel working in critical care, emergency response, or public health are more likely to be exposed than those on a surgical ward. Obviously, members of the public health response teams and care provider teams should be vaccinated if they have no contraindications. Vaccinators are assumed to have a certain level of risk; protection cannot be considered absolute [7]. As previously mentioned, smallpox is transmitted mainly from person to person by the respiratory route through droplets.

Vaccines have brought us closer, and will bring us closer again

Close personal contact normally within six feet of a patient over a prolonged period, such as in a household, is required for transmission to occur. Smallpox is not as infectious as measles, chickenpox, or influenza.

the success of the program to eradicate smallpox

As a result, transmission in the workplace and school is less than in the household [23]. In this course, "household contact" will be used in a broad sense and includes intimate and sexual contact. There is some indication in the medical literature that inanimate objects also may transmit the disease, but this is less common [9, 24, 25]. Unfortunately, the use of variola as a biologic weapon is a threat because of the aerosol infectivity of the virus and the relative ease with which it can be mass produced [26].]

One thought on “The success of the program to eradicate smallpox

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