Traditional vs modern society Videopre-modern society traditional vs modern society
Modernitya topic in the humanities and social sciences, is both a historical period the modern era and the ensemble of particular socio-cultural normsattitudes and practices that arose in the wake of the Renaissance —in the " Age of Reason " of 17th-century thought and the 18th-century " Enlightenment ". Some commentators consider the era of http://rectoria.unal.edu.co/uploads/tx_felogin/puritan-writers-the-wonders-of-the-invisible/humes-guillotine.php to have ended bywith World War II inor the s or s; the following era is called postmodernity. The term " contemporary history " is also used to refer to the post timeframe, without assigning it to either the modern or postmodern era.
Thus "modern" may be used as a name of a particular era in traditional vs modern society past, as opposed to meaning "the current era". Depending on the field, "modernity" may refer to different time learn more here or qualities. In historiography, the 17th and 18th centuries are usually described as early modernwhile the long 19th century corresponds to " modern history " proper. While it includes a wide range of interrelated historical processes and cultural phenomena from fashion to modern warfareit can also refer to the subjective or existential experience of the conditions they produce, and their ongoing impact on human culture, institutions, and politics.
As an analytical concept and normative idea, modernity is closely linked to the ethos of philosophical and aesthetic modernism ; political and intellectual currents that intersect with the Enlightenment; and subsequent developments such as existentialismmodern artthe formal establishment of social scienceand contemporaneous antithetical developments such as Marxism. It also encompasses the social relations associated with the rise of capitalism, and shifts in attitudes associated with secularisationliberalizationmodernization and post-industrial life.
By the late 19th and 20th centuries, modernist art, traditional vs modern society, science and culture has come to dominate not only Western Europe and North Americabut almost every civilized area on the globe, including movements thought of as opposed to the West and globalization. The modern era is closely associated traditional vs modern society the development of individualism capitalism urbanization  and a belief in the possibilities of technological and political progress.
Use of the term in this sense is attributed to Charles Baudelairewho in his essay "The Painter of Modern Life", traditional vs modern society the "fleeting, ephemeral experience of life in an urban metropolis", and the responsibility art has to capture that experience.
In this sense, the term refers to "a particular relationship to time, one characterized by intense historical discontinuity or rupture, openness to the novelty of the future, and a heightened sensitivity to what is unique about the present". The Late Latin adjective modernusa derivation from the adverb modo "presently, just now", is attested from traditional vs modern society 5th century, at first in the context of distinguishing the Christian era from the pagan era. In the 6th century, Cassiodorus appears to have been the first writer to use modernus "modern" regularly to refer to his own age.
For example, a magister xociety referred to a contemporary scholar, as opposed to old authorities such as Benedict of Nursia.
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Arangio jennifer early medieval usage, modernus referred to authorities younger than pagan antiquity and the early church fathers, but not necessarily to the present day, and could include authors several centuries old, from about the time of Bedei. The Latin adjective traditional vs modern society adopted in Middle Frenchas moderneby the 15th century, and hence, in the early Tudor periodinto Early Modern English. The early modern word meant "now existing", or "pertaining to the present times", not necessarily with a positive connotation. Shakespeare uses modern in the sense of "every-day, ordinary, commonplace". The term modernityfirst coined in the s, in this context assumed the implication of a historical epoch following the Renaissance, in which the achievements of antiquity were surpassed.
Modernity has been associated with cultural and intellectual movements of — and extending to the s or later. According to Marshall Berman modernity is periodized into three conventional traditional vs modern society dubbed "Early," "Classical," and "Late," respectively, by Peter Osborne: . In the second phase Berman draws upon the growth of modern technologies such as the newspaper, telegraph and other forms of mass media.
There traditional vs modern society a traditional vs modern society shift into modernization in the name of industrial capitalism. Finally in the third phase, modernist arts and individual creativity marked the beginning of a new modernist age as it combats oppressive politics, economics as well see more other social forces including mass media.
Other theorists, however, regard the period from the late 20th century to the present as merely another phase of modernity; Zygmunt Bauman  calls this phase "liquid" modernityGiddens labels it "high" modernity see High modernism. He also proposed that an aim of politics is to control one's own chance or fortune, and that relying upon providence actually leads to evil. Machiavelli argued, for example, that violent divisions within political communities are unavoidable, but can also be a source of strength which lawmakers and leaders should account for and even encourage in some ways.
Machiavelli's recommendations were sometimes influential upon kings and princes, but eventually came to be seen as favoring free republics over monarchies.
Important modern political doctrines which stem from the new Machiavellian realism include Mandeville 's influential proposal that " Private Vices by the dextrous Management of a skilful Politician may be turned into Publick Benefits " the last sentence of his Fable of the Beesand also the doctrine of a constitutional " separation of powers " in government, first sociegy proposed by Montesquieu. Both these principles traditional vs modern society enshrined within the constitutions of most modern democracies.]