What is the meaning of scientific theory - rectoria.unal.edu.co

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Words have precise meanings in science. For example, "theory," "law," and "hypothesis" don't all mean the same thing. Outside of science, you might say something is "just a theory," meaning it's a supposition that may or may not be true. In science, however, a theory is an explanation that generally is accepted to be true. Here's a closer look at these important, commonly misused terms. A hypothesis is an educated guess, based on observation. It's a prediction of cause and effect. Usually, a hypothesis can be supported or refuted through experimentation or more observation. A hypothesis can be disproven but not proven to be true. what is the meaning of scientific theory What is the meaning of scientific theory

Computer science is the study of algorithmic processescomputational machines and computation itself. Its fields can be divided into theoretical and practical disciplines. For example, the theory of computation concerns abstract models of computation and general classes of problems that can be solved using them, while computer graphics or computational geometry emphasize more specific applications. Algorithms and data structures have been called the heart of computer science.

Computer whhat describes construction of computer components and computer-operated equipment.

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Artificial intelligence aims to synthesize goal-orientated processes such as problem-solving, decision-making, environmental adaptation, planning and learning found in humans and animals. A digital computer is capable of simulating various information processes. The Turing Award is generally recognized as the highest distinction in computer sciences. The earliest foundations of what would become computer science predate the invention of the modern digital computer. Machines for calculating fixed numerical tasks such as the abacus have existed since antiquity, aiding in computations such as multiplication and division.

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Algorithms for performing computations have existed since antiquity, even before the development of sophisticated computing equipment. Wilhelm Schickard designed and constructed the first working mechanical calculator in InThomas de Colmar launched the mechanical calculator industry [note 1] when he invented his simplified arithmometerthe first calculating machine strong enough and reliable enough to be used daily in an office environment. Charles Babbage started the design of the first automatic mechanical calculatorhis Difference Engineinwhich eventually gave him the idea of the first programmable mechanical calculatorhis Analytical Engine. Following Babbage, although unaware of his earlier work, Percy Ludgate in published [14] the 2nd of the only two article source for mechanical analytical engines in history. When the machine was finished, some hailed it as "Babbage's dream come true".

During the s, with the development of new and more powerful computing machines such as the Atanasoff—Berry computer and ENIACthe term computer what is the meaning of scientific theory to refer to the machines rather than their human predecessors. The lab is the forerunner of IBM's Research Division, which today operates research facilities around the world. The first computer science department in the United States was formed at Purdue University in Although first proposed in[23] the term "computer science" appears in a article in Communications of the ACM[24] in which Louis Fein argues for the creation of a Graduate School in Computer Sciences analogous to the creation of Harvard Business School in[25] justifying the name by arguing that, like management sciencethe subject is applied and interdisciplinary in nature, while having the characteristics typical of an academic discipline.

what is the meaning of scientific theory

Because of this, several alternative names have been proposed. Danish scientist Peter Naur suggested the term datalogy[28] to reflect the fact that the scientific discipline revolves around data and data treatment, while not necessarily involving computers. The first scientific institution to use the term was the Department of Datalogy at the University of Copenhagen, founded inwith Peter Naur being the first professor in datalogy. The term is used mainly in the Scandinavian countries.

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An alternative term, also proposed by Naur, is data science ; this is now used for a multi-disciplinary field of data analysis, including statistics and databases. In the early days of computing, a number continue reading terms for the practitioners of the field of computing were suggested in the Communications of the ACM — turingineerturologistflow-charts-manapplied meta-mathematicianand applied epistemologist. A folkloric quotation, often attributed to—but almost certainly not first formulated by— Edsger Dijkstrastates that "computer science is no more about computers than astronomy is about telescopes. For example, the study of computer hardware is usually considered part of computer engineeringwhile the study of commercial computer systems and their deployment is often called information technology or information systems.

However, there has been much cross-fertilization of ideas between the various computer-related disciplines.

what is the meaning of scientific theory

Computer science research also often intersects other disciplines, such as philosophy, cognitive sciencelinguisticsmathematicsphysicsbiologyEarth sciencestatisticsand logic. Computer science is considered by some to have a much closer relationship with mathematics than many scientific disciplines, with some observers saying that computing is a mathematical science.

The relationship between Computer Science and Software Engineering is a meanjng issue, which is further muddied by disputes over scidntific the term "Software Engineering" means, and how computer science is defined.

The academic, political, and funding aspects of computer science tend to depend on whether a department is formed with what is the meaning of scientific theory mathematical emphasis or with an engineering emphasis. Computer science departments with a mathematics emphasis and with collateral vessels numerical orientation consider alignment with computational science. Both types of departments tend to make efforts to bridge the field educationally if not across all research.]

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