Where is soviet union located VideoThe Economy of the Soviet Union where is soviet union located
Where is soviet union located - congratulateExactly sixty years ago, on April 12, , Vostok 1 took off from Baikonur Cosmodrome taking along cosmonaut Yuri Gagarin on the first ever human spaceflight. Despite an initial delay due to the hatch not closing properly, the launch countdown proceeded as planned and Gagarin was able to take off on a craft that few trusted. Half of all Soviet launches till date had been failures, but Gagarin was upbeat. He asked to listen to some music while he waited for technicians to repair the faulty hatch. The flight continued without any hurdles. I can see Earth in the view port of the Vzor. Everything is proceeding as planned. Gagarin flew over the North Pacific and crossed into night, northwest of the Hawaiian Islands. Twenty three minutes later, as Gagarin crossed the Strait of Magellan at the tip of South America, the sun was up again.
Nominally a union of multiple national Soviet republics[h] in practice its government and economy were highly centralized until its final years. It was the largest where is soviet union located in the world by surface area,  spanning over 10, kilometers 6, mi east to west across 11 time zones and over 7, kilometers 4, mi north to south. Its five biomes were tundrataigasteppesdesertand mountains.
Its diverse population was officially known as the Soviet people. The Soviet Union had its roots where is soviet union located the October Revolution of when the Bolsheviksheaded by Vladimir Leninoverthrew the Provisional Government that had earlier replaced the monarchy of the Russian Sorry, elizabethan era people this. They established the Russian Soviet Republic[i] beginning a civil war between the Bolshevik Red Army and many anti-Bolshevik forces across the former Empire, among whom the largest faction was the White Guardwhich engaged in violent anti-communist repression against the Bolsheviks and their worker and peasant supporters known as the White Terror. The Red Army expanded and helped local Bolsheviks take power, establishing sovietsrepressing their political opponents and rebellious peasants through Red Terror.
Bythe Bolsheviks had emerged victorious, forming the Soviet Union with the unification of the Russian, TranscaucasianUkrainian and Byelorussian republics. The New Economic Policy NEPwhich was introduced by Lenin, led to a partial return of a free market and private property ; this resulted in a period of economic recovery. Following Lenin's death inJoseph Stalin came to power. Stalin suppressed all political opposition to his rule inside the Communist Party and inaugurated a command economy.
As a result, the country underwent a period of rapid industrialization and forced collectivizationwhich led to significant economic growth, but also led to a man-made famine in — and expanded the Gulag labour camp system originally established in Stalin also fomented political paranoia and conducted the Great Purge to remove his actual and perceived opponents from the Party through mass arrests of military leaders, Communist Party members, and ordinary citizens alike, who were then sent to correctional labor camps or sentenced to death.
On 23 Augustafter unsuccessful efforts to form an anti-fascist alliance with Western powers, the Soviets signed the non-aggression agreement with Nazi Germany. After the start of World War IIthe formally neutral Soviets invaded and annexed territories of several Eastern European states, including eastern Poland and the Baltic states.
In June the Germans invadedopening the largest and bloodiest theater of war in history. Soviet war casualties accounted for the highest proportion of the conflict in the cost of acquiring the upper hand over Axis forces at intense battles such as Stalingrad. The territory overtaken by the Red Wwhere became satellite states of the Eastern Bloc. Following Stalin's death ina period known as de-Stalinization and the Khrushchev Thaw occurred under the leadership of Nikita Khrushchev.
The country developed rapidly, as millions of peasants were moved into industrialized cities. The war drained economic resources and was loxated by an escalation of American military aid to Mujahideen fighters. In the mids, the last Here leader, Mikhail Gorbachevsought to further reform and liberalize the economy through where is soviet union located policies of glasnost and perestroika. The goal was to preserve the Communist Party while reversing economic stagnation. In particular, the indecisive action of the Eastern European rulers after the Pan-European Picnic caused the fall of the Iron Curtainwhich shattered the formerly powerful communist unity.
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This led to the rise of strong nationalist and separatist movements inside the USSR as well. Central authorities initiated where is soviet union located referendum —boycotted by locatdd Baltic republics, Armenia, Georgia, and Moldova—which resulted in the majority of participating citizens voting in where is soviet union located of preserving the Union as a renewed federation. It failed, with Russian President Boris Yeltsin playing a high-profile role in facing down the coup, resulting in the banning of the Communist Party.
On 25 DecemberGorbachev resigned and the remaining twelve constituent republics emerged from the dissolution of the Whsre Union as independent post-Soviet states. The USSR produced many significant social and technological achievements and innovations of the 20th century. These include the first human-made satellitethe first humans in space and the first probe to land on another planetVenus. The country had the world's second-largest economy and the largest standing military in the world. Before the dissolution, the country had maintained its status as one of the world's two superpowers for four decades after World War II through its hegemony in Eastern Europe, military strength, economic strength, aid to developing countriesand scientific research, especially in space technology and weaponry.]