Cognitive response theory - think, whatFacial-Feedback Theory Emotions exert an incredibly powerful force on human behavior. Strong emotions can cause you to take actions you might not normally perform or to avoid situations you enjoy. Why exactly do we have emotions? What causes us to have these feelings? Researchers, philosophers, and psychologists have proposed different theories to explain the how and why behind human emotions. What Is Emotion? In psychology , emotion is often defined as a complex state of feeling that results in physical and psychological changes that influence thought and behavior. cognitive response theory
In the world of behaviorism, there was a focus on forming associations here a stimuli and a response.
Cognitivism on the other hand, focuses on the internal processes rheory intervene between a stimuli and cognitive response theory response Schunk, It is also important to note that cognitivism differs from behaviorism in the belief that the whole is meaningful and looses meaning when reduced to individual components, where as in behaviorism the opposite is true.
The Gestalt theory had a huge impact on how teaching and learning is viewed today. In Gestalt view, learning is a cognitive phenomenon involving reorganizing experiences into different perceptions of things, people, or events Schunk, The Gestalt theory connects problem solving, insights and activity.
When a person encounters a problem, there is a natural instinct to solve that problem. The only variable known at the beginning stages is the problem itself.
The person now has to determine the missing piece; the solution. That person may go through multiple experiences before finally finding a solution; this is when insight occurs. According to the gestalt theory, humans use the principles of proximity, similarity, common direction, simplicity and closure to reorganize experiences.
Cognitive theories contributed much to teaching and learning. In cognitivism, many things are considered regarding how humans learn.
Attention span is one of the factors the contributes to learning and how information is processed. Attention span refers to how long a person can focus on the same things before their mind wanders off to something else. Schunk states that attention span is related to student age, hyper-activity, intelligence, and learning disabilities. By taking into consideration these different factors educators can begin to identify the differences in cognitive response theory learners.
Teachers can promote student attention through the use of classroom activities related to content. Teachers promote learning through the use of visuals, hand-on activities and short instruction. Students are able to build knowledge through the exposure of a wide range of experiences. I strongly believe in cognitive theories.]