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What is one of the main differences between softball and baseball 6 days ago · Chapter 9 Global Stratification Define social stratification and then explain modern theories of stratification in the U.S. using functional theory (Davis and Moore). “Social stratification is a system in which groups of people are divided into layers according to their relative property, power, and. 2 days ago · Stratification Theories **One’s relationship to the means of production 1. Bourgeoisie (control means of production) Global Stratification. 14 hours ago · Stratification economics is defined as a systemic and empirically grounded approach to addressing intergroup inequality. Stratification economics integrates economics, sociology and social psychology to distinctively analyze inequality across groups that are socially differentiated, be it by race, ethnicity, gender, caste, sexuality, religion or any other socially differentiation.
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Global stratification theories Video

Theories of Global Stratification

Global stratification theories - consider, that

Stratification economics is defined as a systemic and empirically grounded approach to addressing intergroup inequality. Stratification economics integrates economics, sociology and social psychology to distinctively analyze inequality across groups that are socially differentiated, be it by race, ethnicity, gender, caste, sexuality, religion or any other socially differentiation. It examines the role of relative group position and group action in determining individual life outcomes. It highlights the structural and intentional processes that generate and maintain hierarchy within and between these groups. It consciously rejects that intergroup inequality is a function of collective dysfunction, cultural practices, deficits in personal responsibility, or biological determinism Darity Jr, Group identity and group action are core elements of stratification economics. global stratification theories Global stratification theories

Please log in to save materials. Log in. As with any social issue, global or otherwise, scholars have developed a variety of theories to study global stratification. The two most widely applied perspectives are modernization theory and dependency theory.

2. Divergence from the mainstream

According to modernization theoryhttp://rectoria.unal.edu.co/uploads/tx_felogin/children-at-home-and-abroad/which-describes-a-person-with-a-type-b-personality.php countries are affected by their lack of industrialization and can improve their global economic standing through Armer and Katsillis :. Critics point out the inherent ethnocentric bias of this theory. It supposes all countries have the same resources and are capable of following the same path. There is no room within this theory for the possibility that industrialization and technology are not the best goals. There is, of course, some basis for this assumption. Data source that core nations tend to have lower maternal and child mortality rates, longer life spans, and less absolute poverty.

It is also true that in the poorest countries, millions of people die from the lack of clean drinking water and sanitation facilities, which are benefits most of us take for granted. At the same time, the issue is more complex than the numbers might suggest. Cultural equality, history, community, and local traditions are all at risk as modernization pushes into peripheral countries. The challenge, then, is to allow global stratification theories benefits of modernization while maintaining a cultural sensitivity to what already exists.

Dependency theory was created in part as a response to the Western-centric mindset of modernization theory.

global stratification theories

It states that global inequality is primarily caused by core nations theroies high-income nations exploiting semi-peripheral and peripheral nations or middle-income and low-income nationswhich creates a cycle of dependence Hendricks As long as peripheral nations are dependent on core nations for economic stimulus and access to a click at this page piece of the global economy, they will never achieve stable and consistent economic growth. Further, the theory states that since core nations, as well as the World Bank, choose which countries to make loans to, and for what they will loan funds, they are creating highly segmented labor markets that are built to benefit the dominant market countries.

At first glance, it seems this theory ignores the formerly global stratification theories nations that are now considered middle-income nations and are on their way to becoming high-income nations and major players in the global economy, such as China. But some dependency theorists thories state that it is in the best interests of core nations to ensure the long-term usefulness of their peripheral and semi-peripheral partners. How global stratification theories a symbolic interactionist approach this topic? Chang, provides this opportunity. Chang follows two young women Min and Chunming employed at a handbag plant. They help manufacture coveted purses and bags for the global market.

global stratification theories

As part of the growing population of young people who are leaving behind the homesteads and farms of rural China, these female factory workers are ready to enter stratlfication urban fray and pursue an ambitious income. As a symbolic interactionist would do, Chang examines the daily lives and interactions of Article source and Chunming—their workplace friendships, family relationships, gadgets and goods—in this evolving global space where young women can leave tradition behind and fashion their own futures. Their story is one that all people, not just scholars, can learn from as we contemplate sociological global stratification theories like global economies, cultural traditions and innovations, and opportunities for women in the workforce. Modernization theory and dependency theory are two of the most common lenses sociologists use when looking at the issues of global inequality.

1. Core elements

Modernization theory posits that countries go through evolutionary stages and that industrialization and improved technology are the keys to forward movement. Dependency theory, on the other hand, sees modernization theory as Eurocentric and patronizing.

With this theory, global inequality is the result of core nations creating a cycle of dependence by exploiting resources and labor in peripheral global stratification theories semi-peripheral countries. If a sociologist points out that core nations dominate the global economy, in part by creating global interest rates and international tariffs that will inevitably favor high-income nations over low-income nations, he is a:.

global stratification theories

Dependency theorists explain global inequality and global stratification by focusing on the way that:. There is much criticism that modernization theory is Eurocentric.]

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