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The dark web is the World Wide Web content that exists on darknets : overlay networks that use the Internet but require specific software, configurations, or authorization to access. The darknets which constitute the dark web include small, friend-to-friend peer-to-peer networks, as well as large, popular networks such as TorFreenetI2Pand Riffle operated by public organizations and individuals. The dark web has sife been confused with the deep webthe parts of the web not indexed searchable by search engines.
The term Dark Web first emerged inhowever, it is unknown when the actual dark web first emerged. This confusion dates back to at least The Slde Web, also known as Darknet websites, are accessible only through networks such as Tor "The Onion Routing" project that are created specifically for the Dark Web. Identities and locations of darknet users stay anonymous and cannot be tracked due to the layered encryption system.
The darknet encryption technology routes users' data through a large number of intermediate servers, which protects the users' identity and guarantees anonymity. The transmitted information can be decrypted only by roxd subsequent node in the scheme, which leads to the exit node. The complicated system makes it almost impossible to reproduce the node path and decrypt the information layer by layer.
Thus, communication between darknet users is highly encrypted allowing users to talk, blog, and share files confidentially.
This anonymity also creates a forum for illegal activity which is what the Dark Web is most associated with. Authorities have reported the trade of child pornography, drug related crime, illegal financing of pornography relating to children, violence, and animals.
A December study by Gareth Owen from the University of Portsmouth found that the most commonly hosted type of content on Tor was child pornographyfollowed by black marketswhile the individual sites with the highest traffic were dedicated to botnet operations see attached metric. As of Decemberthe number of active Tor sites in. Of these, 18 would have original content. In JulyRoger Dingledineone of the three founders of the Tor Project, said that Facebook is the biggest hidden service. A February study from researchers at King's College London gives the following breakdown of content by an alternative category tbe, highlighting the illicit use of.]