Aquinas cosmological argument -

Aquinas cosmological argument - consider, that

Cosmological argument , Form of argument used in natural theology to prove the existence of God. Thomas Aquinas , in his Summa theologiae , presented two versions of the cosmological argument: the first-cause argument and the argument from contingency. The first-cause argument begins with the fact that there is change in the world, and a change is always the effect of some cause or causes. Each cause is itself the effect of a further cause or set of causes; this chain moves in a series that either never ends or is completed by a first cause , which must be of a radically different nature in that it is not itself caused. Such a first cause is an important aspect, though not the entirety, of what Christianity means by God. The argument from contingency follows by another route a similar basic movement of thought from the nature of the world to its ultimate ground. Cosmological argument Article Additional Info. aquinas cosmological argument. Aquinas cosmological argument

Dr. craig’s response

I am very moved by the Cosmological argument however I have found a rebuttal to it by Philosopher Schopenhauer. Every alteration presupposes a substrate of alteration that does not change in respect of its existence and identity.

aquinas cosmological argument

Some, but not all, substrates of alteration are non-ultimate: there must be ultimate substrates of alteration. If there are ultimate substrates of alteration, then they do not come into existence or pass away.

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Aquians are ultimate substrates of change that do not come into existence or pass away, and are thus sempiternal. Therefore 9. The existence of the ultimate substrata of change cannot have a cause, divine or otherwise. Therefore Cosmological arguments, presupposing as they do that causation of existence makes sense, are one and all unsound.

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The flaw in the argument, Gabby, is that premiss 5 is false. You might be interested to know that Thomas Aquinas agreed that in every change there is some enduring substrate that lasts through the change from one state to another.

aquinas cosmological argument Thomas prime matter is an ultimate substrate that endures through the generation and corruption of material beings.

It is precisely for that reason that Thomas held that creation and annihilation are not a change, for in creation and annihilation aquinas cosmological argument is nothing that endures from one state to the next. Rather in creation a substance comes into being de novo, and artument annihilation it simply ceases to be without remainder.

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So prime matter aquinas cosmological argument itself be created or annihilated by God. Since creation is not a change, but an absolute beginning to be, premiss 1 is also false. The beginning of the universe caused by God is not a change because there is not an enduring substratum. The relata of the causal relation are changes. Every change is an alteration. Because changes occur, there are ultimate argumrnt of alteration. The existence of these sempiternal substrata are at the basis of all causation.]

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