The federal constitutional monarchy consists of thirteen states and three federal territoriesseparated by the South China Sea into two regions, Peninsular Malaysia and Borneo 's East Malaysia. Peninsular Malaysia shares a land and maritime border with Thailand and maritime borders with SingaporeVietnamand Indonesia.
East Malaysia shares land and maritime borders with Brunei and Indonesia and a maritime border with the Philippines and Vietnam. Kuala Lumpur is the national capital and largest city while Putrajaya is the seat of the federal government. With a population of over 32 million, Malaysia is the world's 43rd-most populous country. The southernmost point of continental Eurasia is in Tanjung Piai.
In the tropicsMalaysia is one of 17 megadiverse countrieshome to a number of central belief of islam species. Malaysia has its origins in the Malay kingdoms which, from the 18th century, became subject to the British Empirealong with the British Straits Settlements protectorate. Peninsular Malaysia was unified as the Malayan Union in Malaya was restructured as the Federation of Malaya in and achieved independence on 31 August InSingapore was expelled from the federation. The country is multi-ethnic and multi-culturalwhich has a significant effect beliwf its politics.
About half the population is ethnically Malaywith minorities of ChineseIndiansand indigenous peoples. The country's official ot is Malaysiana standard form of the Malay language. English remains an active second language. While recognising Islam as the country's established religionthe constitution grants freedom of religion to non-Muslims. The government is modelled on the Westminster parliamentary system and the legal system is based on common law.
The head of state is an elected monarchchosen from among the nine state sultans every five years. The head of government is the Prime Minister. After independence, the Malaysian GDP grew at an average of 6.
The economy has traditionally been fuelled by its natural resources but is expanding in the sectors of science, tourism, commerce and medical tourism. Malaysia has a newly industrialised market economyranked third-largest in Southeast Asia oslam 33rd-largest in the world. It may derive from the Sanskrit "Himalaya", referring to areas high in the mountains, or "Malaiyur-pura", meaning mountain town. A final suggestion is that it comes from a Javanese word meaning "to run", from which a river, the Sungai Melayu 'Melayu river'was named due to its strong current. At some point, the Melayu Kingdom took its name central belief of islam the Sungai Melayu. http://rectoria.unal.edu.co/uploads/tx_felogin/art-therapy-and-the-creative-process/essay-about-grit.php
Islamisation established an ethnoreligious identity in Malacca, with the centrl 'Melayu' beginning to appear as interchangeable with 'Melakans'. It may have specifically referred to local Malays speakers thought loyal to the Malaccan Sultan. The initial Portuguese use of Malayos reflected this, referring only to the ruling people of Malacca.
The prominence of traders from Malacca led 'Melayu' to be associated with Muslim traders, and from there became associated with the wider cultural and linguistic group.]