Physiological theories of humor -

Physiological theories of humor

Physiological theories of humor - question

Laughter is a physical reaction in humans consisting usually of rhythmical, often audible contractions of the diaphragm and other parts of the respiratory system. It is a response to certain external or internal stimuli. Laughter can arise from such activities as being tickled , [1] or from humorous stories or thoughts. On some occasions, however, it may be caused by contrary emotional states such as embarrassment, surprise, or confusion such as nervous laughter or courtesy laugh. Age, gender, education, language, and culture are all indicators [3] as to whether a person will experience laughter in a given situation. Some other species of primate chimpanzees , gorillas and orangutans show laughter-like vocalizations in response to physical contact such as wrestling, play chasing or tickling. physiological theories of humor

Sustainable tourism is the tourism that takes full account of its current and future economicsocial and theries impacts, addressing the needs of visitors, the industry, the environment and host communities. It be related to travel for leisure, business and what is called VFR visiting friends and relatives. Global tourism accounts for c.

A report by the United Nations World Tourism Organization found that though some countries and sectors in the industry are creating initiatives for tourism in addressing the SDGs, knowledge sharing, finance and policy for sustainable tourism are not physiological theories of humor addressing the needs of physiological theories of humor. Tourist development organizations are promoting sustainable tourism practices in order to mitigate negative effects caused by the growing impact of tourism. Global economists forecast continuing international tourism growth, the amount depending on the location. As one of the world's largest and fastest-growing industries, this continuous growth will place great stress on remaining biologically diverse habitats and Indigenous cultures, which are often used to support mass tourism.

Tourists who promote sustainable tourism are sensitive to these dangers and seek to protect tourist destinations, and to protect tourism as an industry. Sustainable tourists can reduce the impact of tourism in many ways:.

Increasingly, destinations and tourism operations are endorsing and following "responsible tourism" as a pathway towards sustainable tourism. Responsible tourism and sustainable tourism have an identical goal, that of sustainable development.

physiological theories of humor

The pillars of responsible tourism are therefore the same as those of sustainable tourism — environmental integrity, social justice, and economic development. The major difference between the two is that, in responsible tourism, individuals, organizations, and businesses are asked to take responsibility for their actions and the impacts of their actions. This shift in emphasis has taken place because some stakeholders feel that insufficient progress towards realizing sustainable tourism has been made since the Earth Summit in Rio.

This is partly because everyone has been expecting others to behave in a sustainable manner. The emphasis on responsibility in responsible tourism means that everyone involved in tourism — government, product, and service owners and operators, transport operators, community services, NGOs and Community-based organization CBOstourists, local communities, industry associations — are responsible for achieving the goals of responsible tourism. Stakeholders of sustainable tourism play a role in continuing this form of tourism. A stakeholder in the tourism industry is deemed to be anyone who is impacted by development positively or negatively, and as a result, it reduces potential conflict between the tourists and host community by involving the latter in shaping the way in which tourism develops. The Global Sustainable Tourism Council GSTC serves as the international body for fostering increased knowledge and understanding of sustainable tourism practices, promoting the adoption of universal sustainable tourism principles, and building demand for sustainable travel [9].

GSTC launched the GSTC Criteria, a global standard for sustainable travel and tourism, which includes criteria and performance indicators for destinations, tour operators and hotels [10]. The GSTC Hillary woman president serve as the international standard for certification read article the organizations that would inspect a tourism product, and certify them as a sustainable company [11].

The values and ulterior motives of governments often need to be taken into account when assessing the motives for sustainable tourism. One important factor to consider in any ecologically sensitive or remote area or an area new to tourism is that of carrying capacity. This physiological theories of humor the capacity of tourists of visitors an area can sustainably tolerate without damaging the environment or culture of the surrounding area. This can be altered and physiological theories of humor in time and with changing perceptions and values. For example, originally the sustainable carrying capacity of the Galapagos Islands was set physiological theories of humor 12, visitors per annum but was later changed by the Ecuadorian government to 50, for economic reasons and objectives.

Non-governmental organizations are one of the stakeholders in advocating sustainable tourism. Their roles can range from spearheading sustainable tourism practices to simply doing research. University research teams and scientists can be tapped to aid in the process of planning. Dive resort operators in Bunaken National ParkIndonesiaplay a crucial role by developing exclusive zones for diving and fishing respectively, such that both tourists and locals can benefit from the venture.

Large conventionsmeetings and other major organized events drive the travel, tourism, and hospitality industry. Cities and convention centers compete to attract such commerce, commerce which has heavy impacts on resource use and the environment.

Major sporting events, such as the Olympic Gamespresent special problems regarding environmental burdens and degradation. Green conventions and events are a new but growing sector and marketing point within the convention and hospitality industry.

physiological theories of humor

More environmentally organizations, corporations, and government agencies are now seeking more sustainable event practices, greener hotels, restaurants and convention venues, and more energy-efficient or climate-neutral travel and ground transportation. Od provides live streams and recordings of keynotes, named lectures, and oral sessions, and provides opportunities to submit questions and interact with authors and peers.

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Some convention centers have begun to take direct action in reducing the impact of the conventions they host. One example is the Moscone Center in San Franciscowhich has a very aggressive recycling program, a large solar physiological theories of humor system, and other programs aimed at reducing impact and increasing efficiency. Local communities benefit from sustainable tourism through economic development, job creation, and here development.

Tourism revenues bring economic growth and prosperity to attractive tourist destinations, which can raise the standard of living in destination communities.]

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