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Scientific theory defintion scientific theory defintion

Creativity is a phenomenon whereby something somehow new and somehow valuable is formed.

scientific theory defintion

The created item may be intangible such as an ideaa scientific theorya musical compositionor a joke or a physical object such as an inventiona printed literary worksciemtific a painting. Scholarly interest in creativity is found in a number of disciplines, primarily psychologyscientific theory defintion studiesand cognitive sciencebut also educationthe humanitiestechnologyengineeringphilosophy particularly philosophy of sciencetheologysociologylinguisticsthe artseconomicsand mathematicscovering the relations between creativity and general intelligencepersonality type, mental and neural processes, mental healthor scientific theory defintion intelligence ; the potential for fostering creativity through education and training; the fostering of creativity for national economic benefit, and the application of creative resources to improve the effectiveness of teaching and learning.

The English word creativity comes from the Latin term creare, "to create, make": its derivational suffixes also come from Latin. The word "create" appeared in English as early as the 14th century, notably in Chaucer in The Parson's Tale [1]to indicate divine creation. However, its modern meaning as an act of human creation did not emerge scientific theory defintion after the Enlightenment.

In a summary of scientific research scientifid creativity, Michael Mumford suggested: "Over the course of the last decade, however, we seem to have reached a general agreement that creativity involves the production of novel, useful products" Mumford,p.

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Paul Torrance described it as "a process of becoming sensitive to problems, defition, gaps in knowledge, missing elements, disharmonies, and so on; identifying the difficulty; searching for scientific theory defintion, making guesses, or formulating hypotheses about the deficiencies: testing and retesting these hypotheses and possibly modifying and retesting them; and finally communicating the results.

Creativity in general is usually distinguished from innovation in particular, where the stress is on implementation. For example, Teresa Amabile and Pratt defines creativity as production of novel and useful ideas and innovation as implementation of creative ideas, [7] while scientiric OECD and Eurostat state that "Innovation is more than a new idea or an invention. An innovation requires implementation, either by being put into active use or by being made available for use by other parties, firms, individuals or organisations. There is also an emotional creativity [9] which is described as a pattern of cognitive abilities and personality traits related to originality and appropriateness in emotional scientific theory defintion. Theories of creativity particularly investigation of why some people are more creative than others have focused on a variety of aspects.

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The dominant factors are usually identified as "the four Ps" — process, product, person, and place according to Mel Rhodes. Theories invoking divergent rather than convergent thinking such as Guilfordor those describing the staging of the creative process such as Wallas are primarily theories of creative process. A focus on creative product usually appears in attempts to measure creativity psychometrics, see below and in creative ideas framed as successful memes. A focus on place considers the circumstances in which creativity flourishes, such as degrees of autonomy, access to resources, and the nature of gatekeepers. Creative scientlfic are scientific theory defintion first merger nonconforming attitudes and behaviors as well as flexibility.

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Most ancient cultures, including thinkers of Ancient Greece[14] Ancient Chinaand Ancient India[15] lacked the concept of creativity, seeing art as a form of discovery and not creation. The ancient Greeks had no terms corresponding to "to create" or "creator" except scientific theory defintion the expression " poiein " "to make"which only applied to poiesis poetry and to the poietes poet, or "maker" who made it. Plato did not believe in art as a form of creation. Asked in The Republic[16] "Will we say, scientific theory defintion a painter, that he makes something? It is commonly argued that the notion of "creativity" defintuon in Western cultures through Christianityas a matter of divine inspiration. Boorstin"the early Western conception of creativity was the Biblical story of creation given in the Genesis.

scientific theory defintion

In the Judaeo-Christian tradition, creativity was the sole province of Scientific theory defintion humans were not considered to have the ability to create something new except as an expression of God's work. However, none of these views are similar to the modern concept of creativity, and the individual was not seen as the cause of creation scienyific the Renaissance.

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The rejection of creativity in favor of discovery and the belief that individual creation was a sciientific of the divine would dominate the West probably until scientific theory defintion Renaissance and even later. This could be attributed to the leading intellectual movement of the time, aptly named humanismwhich developed an intensely human-centric outlook on the world, valuing the intellect and achievement of the individual.

However, this shift was gradual and would not become immediately apparent until the Enlightenment.]

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