Jesus [e] c. Most Christians believe he is the incarnation of God the Son and the awaited messiah the Christprophesied in the Old Testament.
Virtually all modern scholars of antiquity agree that Jesus existed historically[g] although the quest for the historical Jesus has yielded some uncertainty on the historical reliability of the Kizs and on how closely the Jesus portrayed in the Bible reflects the historical Jesusas the only records of Jesus' life are contained in the Gospels. His teachings were initially conserved by oral transmission  and he himself was often referred to as " rabbi ". Christian doctrines include the beliefs that Jesus was conceived by the Holy Spiritwas born of a virgin named Maryperformed miraclesfounded the Christian Church, died by crucifixion as a sacrifice to achieve atonement for sinrose from the dead, and ascended into Heavenfrom where he will return.
The Nicene Creed asserts that Jesus will judge the living and the dead  either before or after their bodily resurrection   an event tied to the Second Coming of Jesus in Christian eschatology. A small minority of Christian denominations reject Trinitarianismwholly or partly, as non-scriptural.
The birth of Jesus is celebrated annually on December 25 as Christmas. The widely used calendar era " AD ", from ahd Latin anno Domini "year of the Lord"and the equivalent alternative " CE ", are based on the approximate birthdate of Jesus. Jesus is also revered outside of Christianity in religions such as IslamManicheanism and Baha'i. Manicheanism was the first organised religion outside of Christianity to venerate Jesus Christ, viewing him as an important prophet.
The Quran states that Jesus never claimed divinity. In contrast, Judaism rejects the belief that Jesus was the awaited messiah, arguing that he did not fulfill messianic propheciesand was neither divine nor resurrected. A typical Jew in Jesus' time had only one namesometimes followed by the phrase "son of [father's name]"or the individual's hometown.
The name Yeshua appears to have been in use in Judea at the time of the birth of Jesus. Since the early period of ChristianityChristians have commonly referred to Jesus as "Jesus Christ". Christians of the time designated Jesus as "the Christ" ,iss they believed him to be the messiah, whose arrival is prophesied continue reading the Hebrew Bible and Old Testament. In postbiblical usage, Christ became viewed as a name—one part of "Jesus Christ". The term Christian meaning a follower of Christ has been in use since the 1st century. The four canonical gospels MatthewMarkLukeand John are the foremost sources for the life and message of Jesus. Some early Christian groups had separate descriptions of Jesus' life and teachings that are not in the New Testament.
Most scholars conclude that these were written much later and are less reliable accounts znd the canonical gospels.
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The canonical gospels are four accounts, each by a different author. The authors of the Gospels are all anonymous, attributed by tradition to the four evangelistseach with close ties to Jesus:  Mark by John Markan associate of Peter;  Matthew by one of Jesus' disciples;  Luke by a companion of Paul mentioned in a few epistles;  and John by another of Jesus' disciples,  the " beloved disciple ". One important aspect of the study of the Gospels is the literary genre under which they fall. Genre "is a key convention guiding both the composition and the interpretation of writings". Some recent studies suggest that the genre of the Gospels ought to be situated within the realm of ancient biography. Concerning the accuracy of the accounts, viewpoints run the gamut from considering them inerrant descriptions of Jesus' life,  to doubting whether they are historically reliable on a number of points,  to considering them to provide very little historical information about his life beyond the basics.]