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Social Stratification,\ social stratification is defined as.

Most sociologists define social class as a grouping based on similar social factors like wealth, income, education, and occupation. These factors affect how much power and prestige a person has. Social stratification reflects an unequal distribution of resources. In most cases, having more money means having more power or more opportunities. Stratification can also result from physical and intellectual traits.

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Categories that affect social standing include family ancestry, race, ethnicity, social stratification is defined as, and gender. In the United States, standing can also be defined by characteristics such as IQ, athletic abilities, appearance, personal skills, and achievements. In the last century, the United States has seen a steady rise in its standard of living, the level of wealth available to a certain socioeconomic class in order to acquire the material necessities and comforts to maintain its lifestyle. The standard of living is based on factors such as income, employment, class, poverty rates, and housing affordability. Because standard of living is closely related to quality of life, it can represent factors such as the ability to afford a home, own a car, and take vacations.

social stratification is defined as

In the United States, a small portion of the population has the means to the highest standard of living. Wealthy people receive the most schooling, have better health, and consume the most goods and services. Wealthy people also wield decision-making power. But as the study mentioned above indicates, there social stratification is defined as not an even distribution of wealth. Millions of women and men struggle to pay rent, buy food, find work, and afford basic medical care. Women who are single heads of household tend to have a lower income and lower standard of living than their married or male counterparts.

In the United States, as in most high-income nations, social stratifications and standards of living are in part based on occupation Lin and Xie Employment in medicine, law, or engineering confers high status. Teachers and police officers are generally respected, though not considered particularly prestigious.

social stratification is defined as

At the other end of the scale, some of the lowest rankings apply to positions like waitress, janitor, and bus driver. The size, income, and wealth of the middle class have all been declining since the s. This is occurring at a time when corporate profits have increased more than percent, and CEO pay has risen by more than percent Popken While several economic factors can be improved in the United Read article inequitable distribution of income and wealth, feminization of poverty, stagnant wages for most workers while executive pay and profits soar, declining middle classwe are fortunate that the poverty experienced here is us often relative poverty and not absolute poverty. Whereas absolute poverty is deprivation so severe that it puts survival in jeopardy, relative social stratification is defined as is not having the means to live ad lifestyle of the average person in your country.

As a wealthy developed country, the United States has the resources to provide the basic necessities to those in need through a series of federal and state social welfare programs. This used to be known as the food stamp program.

2. Divergence from the mainstream

The program began in the Great Depression, when unmarketable or surplus food was distributed to the hungry. It was not until that President John F. Kennedy initiated a food stamp pilot program. His successor Lyndon B. Johnson was instrumental in the passage of the Food Stamp Act in Inmore thanindividuals received food assistance.

In Marchsource the precipice of the Great Recession, participation hovered around stratifucation million people.

Social Classes in the United States

During the recession, that number escalated to more than 40 million USDA. For sociologists, categorizing class is a fluid science. Sociologists generally identify three levels of class in the United States: upper, middle, and lower class. Within each class, there are many subcategories. One economist, J. Foster, defines the 20 percent of U. One sociological perspective distinguishes the classes, in part, according to their relative power and control over their lives.]

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