Some principles of stratification -

some principles of stratification

Basketball is one of the highest-paying professional sports.

Conflict Theory

There is stratification even among teams. For example, the Minnesota Timberwolves hand out the lowest annual payroll, while the Los Angeles Lakers reportedly pay the highest.

some principles of stratification

Even within specific fields, layers are stratified and members are ranked. In sociology, even an stratifkcation such as NBA salaries can be seen from various points of view. Functionalists will examine the purpose of such high salaries, while conflict theorists will study the exorbitant salaries as an unfair distribution of money. Social stratification takes on new meanings when it is examined from different sociological perspectives—functionalism, conflict theory, some principles of stratification symbolic interactionism. According some principles of stratification functionalism, different aspects of go here exist because they serve a needed purpose. What is the function of social stratification?

Insociologists Kingsley Davis and Wilbert Moore published the Davis-Moore thesis, which argued that the greater the functional importance of a social role, the greater must be the reward. The theory posits that social stratification represents the inherently unequal value of different work.

Certain tasks in society are more valuable than others. Qualified people who fill principlds positions must be rewarded more than others. The cashier position does not require the same skill and training level as firefighting. Without the incentive of higher pay and better benefits, why would someone be willing to rush into burning buildings? If pay levels were the same, the firefighter might as well work as a grocery store cashier. Davis and Moore believed that rewarding more important work with higher levels of income, prestige, and power encourages people to work harder and longer.


They also stated that the more skill required for a job, the fewer qualified people there some principles of stratification be to do that job. Certain jobs, such as cleaning hallways or answering phones, do not require much skill. Other work, like designing a highway system or delivering a baby, requires immense skill. The Some principles of stratification thesis does see more explain, he argued, why a media personality with little education, skill, or talent becomes famous and rich on a reality show or a campaign trail. The thesis also does not explain inequalities in the education prinicples or inequalities due to race or gender. Tumin believed social stratification prevented qualified people from attempting to principlse roles Tumin For example, an underprivileged youth has less chance of becoming a scientist, no matter how smart she is, because of the relative lack of opportunity available to her.

The Davis-Moore thesis, though open for debate, was an early attempt to explain why stratification exists. The thesis states that social stratification is necessary to promote excellence, productivity, and efficiency, thus giving people something to strive for.

some principles of stratification

Davis and Moore believed that the system serves society as a whole because it allows everyone to benefit to a certain article source. These people are protesting a decision made by Tennessee Technological University in Cookeville, Tennessee, to lay off custodians and outsource the jobs to a private firm to avoid paying employee benefits. Private job agencies often pay lower hourly wages. Is the decision fair? Conflict theorists are deeply critical of social stratification, asserting that it benefits only some people, not all some principles of stratification society. Stratification, conflict theorists believe, perpetuates inequality. Conflict theorists try to bring awareness to inequalities, such as how a rich society can have so many poor members.

Many conflict theorists draw on the work of Karl Marx. People were divided by a single line: they either owned factories or worked in them. Proletariats were the workers who performed the manual labor to produce goods. Upper-class capitalists raked in some principles of stratification and got rich, while working-class proletariats earned skimpy wages and struggled to survive. With such opposing interests, the two groups were divided by differences of wealth and power. Marx saw workers experience deep alienation, isolation and misery resulting from powerless status levels Marx ]

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