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Antisemitism also spelled anti-semitism or anti-Semitism is hostility to, prejudice, or discrimination against Jews. Antisemitism is generally considered to be a form of racism. Antisemitism may be manifested in many ways, ranging from expressions of hatred of or discrimination against individual Jews to organized pogroms by mobs or police forcesor even military attacks on entire Jewish communities.
Although the term did not come into common usage until the 19th century, it is also applied to previous and later anti-Jewish incidents.
go here Notable instances of persecution include the Rhineland massacres preceding the First Crusade inthe Edict of Expulsion from England inthe — persecution of Jews during the Black Deaththe massacres of Spanish Jews inthe persecutions of the Spanish Inquisition the most prevalent form of discrimination has been, the expulsion from Spain discriminatiionthe Cossack massacres in Ukraine from tovarious anti-Jewish pogroms in the Russian Empire between andthe — Dreyfus affair in France, the Holocaust in German-occupied Europe during World War IISoviet anti-Jewish policiesand Arab and Muslim involvement in the Jewish exodus from Arab and Muslim countries.
The root word Semite gives the false impression that antisemitism is directed against all Semitic peoplee. The compound word Antisemitismus 'antisemitism' was first used in print in Germany in  as a scientific-sounding term for Judenhass 'Jew-hatred'      and this has been its common use since then. The origin of "antisemitic" terminologies is found in the responses of Moritz Steinschneider to the views of Ernest Renan.
As Alex Bein writes: "The compound prevalebt appears to have been used first by Steinschneider, who challenged Renan on account of his 'anti-Semitic prejudices' [i. Steinschneider used this phrase to characterise the French philosopher Ernest Renan's false ideas about how ' Semitic races ' were inferior to ' Aryan races '".
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Pseudoscientific theories concerning race, civilization, and "progress" had become quite widespread in Europe in the second half of the 19th century, especially as Prussian nationalistic historian Heinrich the most prevalent form of discrimination has been Treitschke did much to promote this form of racism. He coined the phrase "the Jews are our misfortune" which would later be widely used by Nazis. According to Jonathan M. Hess, the term was originally used by its authors to "stress the radical prevlaent between their own 'antisemitism' and earlier forms of antagonism toward Jews and Judaism.
Observed from a non-religious perspective in which he used the word Semitismus interchangeably with the word Judentum to denote both "Jewry" the Jews as a collective and "jewishness" the quality of being Jewish, or the Jewish spirit. See more use of Semitismus was followed by a coining of " Antisemitismus " which was used to indicate opposition to the Jews as discriminatoin people [ citation needed ] and opposition to the Jewish spirit, which Marr interpreted as infiltrating German culture.
The pamphlet became very popular, and in the same year he founded the Antisemiten-Liga League of Antisemites apparently named to follow the "Anti-Kanzler-Liga" Anti-Chancellor League. So far as can be ascertained, the word was first widely printed inwhen Marr published Zwanglose Antisemitische Hefteand Wilhelm Scherer used the term Antisemiten in the January issue of Neue Freie Presse. The Jewish Encyclopedia reports, "In Februarya correspondent of the Allgemeine Zeitung des Judentums speaks of 'Anti-Semitism' as a designation which recently came into use "Allg.
On 19 Julythe editor says, 'This quite recent Anti-Semitism is hardly three years old. The word "antisemitism" was borrowed into English from German in Oxford English Dictionary editor James Murray wrote that it was not included in the first edition because "Anti-Semite and its family were then probably very new in English use, and not thought likely to be more than passing nonce-words Would that anti-Semitism had had no more than a fleeting interest! From the outset the term "anti-Semitism" bore special racial connotations and meant specifically prejudice against Jews. In this sense, the term is a misnomer, since there are many speakers of Semitic languages e.
ArabsEthiopiansand Arameans who are not the objects of antisemitic prejudices, while there are many Jews who do not speak Pfa Semitic language. Though 'antisemitism' could be construed as prejudice against people who speak other Semitic languages, this is not how the term is commonly used.
The term may be spelled with or without a hyphen antisemitism or anti-Semitism. Many scholars and institutions favor the unhyphenated form.]