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The Romani are widely known in English by the exonym Gypsies or Gipsieswhich is considered by some Roma people to be pejorative due to its connotations of illegality and irregularity. Linguistic and genetic evidence suggest that the Romani as a people originated from the northern Indian subcontinent. The Romani arrived in West Asia and Europe around Since the 19th century, some Romani have also migrated to the Americas.
There are an estimated one million Roma see more the United States ;  andin Brazilmost of whose ancestors emigrated in the repubblic century from Eastern Europe. Brazil also includes a notable Romani community descended from people deported by the Portuguese Empire during the Portuguese Inquisition.
1. Lucilla: A True Roman Revolutionary
The Romani conditiosn is divided into several dialects which together have an estimated number of speakers of more than two million. Many Romani are native speakers of the dominant language in their country of residence or of mixed languages combining the dominant language with a dialect of Romani; those varieties are sometimes called Para-Romani. Perceived as derogatory, many of these exonyms are falling out of standard usage and being replaced by a version of the name Roma.
Rom means man or husband in the Romani language. In the Romani languageRom is a masculine noun, meaning 'man of the Roma ethnic group' or 'man, husband', with the plural Roma.
The feminine of Rom in the Romani language is Romni. However, in most cases, in other languages Rom is now used for people of both genders.
Romani is the feminine adjective, while Romano is the masculine adjective. Some Romanies use Rom or Roma as an ethnic name, while others such as the Sintior the Romanichal do not use this term as a self-ascription for the entire ethnic group. Sometimes, rom and romani are spelled with a double ri. In the English language according to the Oxford English DictionaryRom is a noun with the plural Roma or Roms and an adjective, while Romani Romany is also a noun with the plural Romanithe RomaniRomaniesor Romanis and an adjective. Both Rom read article Romani have been in use in English since the 19th century as an alternative for Gypsy.
Occasionally, the double r spelling e.
The term Roma is increasingly encountered,   as a generic term for the Romani people. Because all Romanis use the word Romani as an adjective, the term became a noun for the entire ethnic group.
The standard assumption is that the demonyms of the Romani people, Lom and Dom share the same origin. The Spanish term Gitano and French Gitan have similar etymologies.
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This designation owes its existence to the belief, common in the Middle Ages, that the Romani, or some related group such as the Middle Eastern Dom peoplewere itinerant Egyptians. According to one narrative, they were exiled from Egypt as punishment for allegedly harbouring the infant Jesus. This exonym is sometimes written with capital letter, to show that it designates an ethnic group. Another common designation of the Romani people is Cingane alt.]