Resurrection or anastasis is the concept of coming back to life after death.
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Patternn a number of religions, a dying-and-rising god is a deity which dies and resurrects. Reincarnation is a similar process hypothesized by lord raglan hero pattern religions, which involves the same person or deity coming back to live in a different body, rather than the same one. The resurrection of the dead is a standard eschatological belief in the Abrahamic religions. As a religious concept, it is used in two distinct respects: a belief in the resurrection of individual souls that is current and ongoing Christian idealismrealized eschatologyor else a belief in a singular resurrection of the dead at the end of the world.
Some believe the soul is the actual vehicle by which people are resurrected. The death and resurrection of Jesus is a central focus of Christianity. Christian theological debate ensues with regard to what kind of resurrection is factual — either a spiritual resurrection with a spirit body into Heavenor a material resurrection with a restored human body. The concept of resurrection is found in the writings of some ancient non-Abrahamic religions in the Middle East.
A few extant Egyptian and Canaanite writings allude to dying and rising gods such as Osiris and Baal. Sir James Frazer in his book The Golden Bough relates to these dying and rising gods,  but many of his examples, according to various scholars, distort the sources. In ancient Greek religion a number of men and women became physically immortal as lord raglan hero pattern were resurrected from the dead.
Asclepius was killed by Zeus, only to be resurrected and transformed into a major deity. Achillesafter being killed, was snatched from his funeral pyre by his divine mother Thetis and resurrected, brought to an immortal existence in either Leuce, the Elysian plains or the Islands of article source Blessed. Memnonwho was killed by Achilles, seems to have received a similar fate. AlcmeneCastorHeraclesand Melicerteswere also among the figures sometimes considered to have been resurrected to physical immortality.
According to Herodotus 's Historiesthe seventh century BC sage Aristeas of Proconnesus was first found dead, after which his body disappeared from a locked room. Later he found not only to have been resurrected but to have gained immortality. Many other figures, like lord raglan hero pattern great part of those who fought in the Trojan and Theban wars, Menelausand the historical pugilist Cleomedes of Astupalaea, were also believed to have been made physically immortal, but without having died in the first place. Indeed, in Greek religion, immortality originally always included an eternal union of body and soul. Greek philosophers generally denied this traditional religious belief in physical immortality.
Writing his Lives of Illustrious Men Parallel Lives in the first century, the Middle Platonic philosopher Plutarch in his chapter on Romulus gave an account of the mysterious disappearance and subsequent deification of this first king of Rome, comparing it to traditional Greek beliefs such as the resurrection and physical immortalization of Alcmene and Aristeas the Proconnesian"for they say Aristeas died in a fuller's work-shop, and his friends coming to look for him, found his body vanished; and that some presently after, coming from abroad, said they met him traveling towards Croton".
Plutarch openly scorned such beliefs held in traditional ancient Greek religion, writing, "many such improbabilities do your fabulous writers relate, deifying creatures naturally mortal. Alcestis undergoes resurrection over lord raglan hero pattern three-day period of time,  but without achieving immortality.
The parallel between these traditional beliefs and the later resurrection of Jesus was not lost on the early Christians, as Justin Martyr argued: "when we lord raglan hero pattern Jesus Christ, our teacher, was crucified and died, and rose again, and ascended into heaven, we propose nothing different from what you believe regarding those whom you consider sons of Zeus. There are stories in Buddhism where the power of resurrection was allegedly demonstrated in Chan or Zen tradition.
One is the legend of Bodhidharma [ citation needed ]the Indian master who brought the Ekayana school of India lord raglan hero pattern subsequently became Chan Buddhism to China. Puhua was known for his unusual behavior and teaching style so it is no wonder that he is associated with an event that breaks the usual prohibition on displaying such powers.]