Penicillin essay VideoThe accident that changed the world - Allison Ramsey and Mary Staicu penicillin essay
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Antibiotics are used to treat a wide variety of bacterial Antibiotics are used to treat a wide variety of bacterial infections and have saved millions of penicillin essay since they were first introduced in the s and s. However, due to both overuse and misuse, many are no longer esssay and The World Health Organization WHO considers the emergence of new antibiotic-resistant bacteria to be a penicillin essay threat to global public health. According to their mechanism of action, antibiotics can be divided into three penicillin essay groups: those inhibiting cell wall synthesis, those inhibiting protein synthesis those that inhibit nucleic acid synthesis. For example, penicillin and its related compounds prevent susceptible bacteria from creating a cell wall. They do this by binding to and inactivating an enzyme transpeptidase necessary for the cross-linking of peptidoglycan in the wall, thus stopping its formation.
Resistance to this antibiotic is due to the link producing its own enzyme called penicillin essay which breaks the ring structure of the penicillin and prevents its ability to bind to the bacterial transpeptidase. Apart from direct transfer from parent to daughter cell through cellular reproduction, horizontal transmission of DNA between different genomes also occurs.
These elements are transferred between organisms through different mechanisms, which in prokaryotes include transformation, conjugation, and transduction. Write a sentence for each penicillin essay these mechanisms of horizontal gene transfer in bacteria, describing the manner in which the DNA can be transferred from one cell to another.
Alexander Fleming's Argument Against Antibacterial Infections
Choose a disease or an organism that has a well-documented penicillin essay of resistance such as methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus — MRSA or tuberculosis and see if you can identify the gene or genes that confer resistance and the method of DNA transfer thought to contribute to its spread. This may be from one organism penicillin essay wssay or may simply be passed down from mother to daughter cell due to environmental pressure.
Consider how man has contributed to this and suggest any strategies that you think may be able to halt it or prevent its expansion Discussion Requirements Your Discussion should be at least words in length. Use APA citations and references for the textbook and any other sources used; you should use at least 1 APA citation and reference, but you can use more if needed.]