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This book challenges the idea that humanity as a whole is united in a common development toward increasingly efficient technologies. We tend to think of the functioning of machines as if it was detached from the social relations of exchange which make machines economically and physically possible in some areas. But even the steam engine that was the core of the Industrial Revolution in England was indissolubly linked to slave labour and soil erosion in distant cotton plantations. And even as seemingly benign a technology as railways have historically saved time and accessed space primarily for those who can afford them, but at the expense of labour time and natural space lost for other social groups with less purchasing power. The existence of technology, in other words, is not a cornucopia signifying general human progress, but the unevenly distributed result of unequal resource transfers that the science of economics is not equipped to perceive. Technology is not simply a relation between humans and their natural environment, but more fundamentally a way of organizing global human society. From the very start it has been a global phenomenon, which has intertwined political, economic and environmental histories in complex and inequitable ways. This book unravels these complex connections and rejects the widespread notion that technology will make the world sustainable.

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The exchange theory

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Here of the hallmarks of the exchange traditions is the systematic development and testing of theoretical principles and gheory. Thus, much of the research reviewed in this bibliography has used experimental methodology to engage in theory testing. The result of this extensive theory testing the exchange theory that exchange theory can address the effects of the structure of exchange networks, the process of exchange, and the outcomes of exchange. Exchange theory has particularly focused on elaborating our understanding of power, with a particular emphasis on predicting the distribution of power within a network.

the exchange theory

As exchange theory has evolved, greater consideration has been given to affective and behavioral outcomes of exchange including emotions, trust, commitment, and collective behavior. Research has also begun to focus on dynamic networks thus moving beyond conceptualizations and operationalizations of network structures as static.

While all of these theoretical developments are important, an avenue for future work is to apply the theoretical formulations to settings outside the laboratory thus demonstrating the utility of the exchange theoretic approach. General Overviews Over the the exchange theory of five decades of exchange theory theorizing link research, a number of general overview chapters, articles, and books have described the state of the field at that time.

the exchange theory

One of the early overviews includes Emerson in the seminal volume Social Psychology: Sociological Perspectives. When the social psychology volume was updated inThe exchange theory and Cook prepared a chapter examining the state of exchange theory Molm and Cook Most recently, Cook and Rice provides an overview of the theory. Taken sequentially, these chapters provide a systematic overview of the evolution of exchange theory.

Other overviews of exchange theory have addressed specific theoretical traditions, beginning with Willer and Andersona comprehensive volume on elementary theory.

the exchange theory

Cook provides an overview of the power-dependence tradition in a book honoring the work of Richard Emerson. More recently, Molm and Willer published on coercive power and Network Exchange Theory, respectively.

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Finally, Walker, et al. Cook, Karen S. Social exchange theory. This book is a tribute thwory Richard Emerson and the chapters recognize both his work and the legacy he created by building on the exchange theory formulation of power-dependence theory. The volume includes an unfinished piece by Emerson on value as well as work by his contemporaries, his students, and others influenced by his work. In Handbook of social psychology. Edited by John Delamater, 53—]

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